Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is caused by changes in the wall of the blood vessels of the legs that make them narrow and stiff. The main causes of PAD are atherosclerosis and smoking. Unlike many other diseases, there is no blood test that is capable of detecting PAD. Instead, persons have to be referred by their doctor and they must go to a specialized clinic where an expensive hour-long ankle-brachial (ABI) test is performed.
Koven wants to develop a simple, inexpensive and reliable blood test that can detect PAD.
The current waste disposal cells at the Municipality of Roblin has been full. They have to design a new cell to receive more waste. This project is predicted to determine its feasibility through an environmental assessment in view of the proposed waste disposal cell. Moreover, the recycling program has been conducted in this region. However, the diversion rate is expected to improve. Optimizing the existing recycling program is one of the objectives of this project. Besides, consider whether there are other programs to enhance the waste diversion rate.
In Winnipeg, MB, grass and weed growth can be seen during the summer, up until the middle of October. Weeds such as dandelions are hazardous to human health as they can trigger allergic and asthmatic reactions to the public. Their roots can grow up to two feet long if not removed on time. During the grass growth period, the City of Winnipeg uses many mowers of different sizes and horse-powers to mow and remove the weeds in boulevards, athletic fields, parks and other city owned green spaces. Currently, mowing routes are decided manually by the foremen. This is inefficient and time consuming.
Aubigny is a small rural community where individuals are responsible for their septic systems. Being smaller lots and close to the Red River, the potential for environmental damage such as soil, surface and ground pollution could be there. If suitable wastewater treatment system could be installed in this community then there would also be potential for more residential development. The project will determine the feasibility of creation of a sustainable wastewater treatment system that could work for such a community and ensure environmental sustainability there.
Detailed assessments of water and nutrient dynamics in grasslands and its relationship to land management are scarce in the Canadian Prairies. The impact of climate change on these dynamics is even more uncertain. The purpose of this project is to address this knowledge gap by estimating the impact of climate change on water cycling, nutrient dynamics, and management practices in pasture landscapes in Manitoba. The intern in this project will use desktop custom models and state-of-the-art hydrological models to address this research question.
Rail transit and freight rail properties apply rail grinding to maintain rail condition and ensure satisfactory performance of rail infrastructure systems. The proposed research investigates and applies a variety of computationally intelligent algorithms to establish useful relationships between rail corrugation, noise generation, and vibration. These relationships will support more timely and effective rail grinding interventions. The algorithms will process real-world rail corrugation, noise, and vibration data collected from three rail transit properties in North America.
Environmental scientists examining large-scale ecosystem processes (e.g., climate change, contaminant effects) are increasingly charged with collecting high-quality data on a more rapid timeline and extending the application of that data spatially and temporally. IISD Experimental Lakes Area (IISD-ELA) is a field research station comprised of 58 pristine lakes and their watersheds. This area has been set aside exclusively for research to influence environmental policy and regulations in favour of protecting Canada’s freshwater resources.
Roquette, the fifth largest global producer of food ingredients, is building the world's largest pea processing plant in Manitoba. Pea protein is a plant-based alternative to animal protein. Pea starch is a secondary by-product. Both pea protein and ‘resistant’ starch may aid the control of blood sugars. The objective of this clinical study is to compare the effects of pea protein versus pea resistant starch, singly and in combination, on blood glucose control, metabolic parameters, and the profile of gut microbes in individuals with type 2 diabetes.
Implementation of alternative fuel technologies for public transportation modes stems from increasing environmental concerns, technological improvements, and increasing demand for autonomous transportation, which is well exhibited by recent trends to replace diesel buses with battery electric buses (e-bus). Yet, scheduling and operational planning of electric vehicle (EV)-based transit modes is challenging due to additional considerations for energy consumption models and driving modes.
The objective of this project is to establish a long-term study on the ecology of grassland songbirds in the Waterton Park Front Area (just outside of Waterton National Park), Alberta. The student will examine how different grazing regimes and other management actions influence birds. Fieldwork, which will occur from approximately May to July each year, will involve bird surveys, vegetation monitoring, and interacting with a variety of stakeholders. The Nature Conservancy of Canada will benefit by learning how different management strategies on their properties influence grassland songbirds.