Thermal breakdown of analog lunar rocks

The proposed research will study the rock breakdown on the Moon due to thermal fatigue caused by the thermal stresses arising from diurnal temperature changes. This is done through data analysis, modeling, and physical experiments. This work is important because it fills a key gap in our understanding of the processes by which the lunar regolith - the name given to the fine debris layer, tens to hundreds of meters thick, that covers the surface of the Moon - forms and evolves.

Mise à l’échelle numérique de modèles hydrologiques pour les modèles de climat à grande échelle

La résolution spatiale horizontale des modèles climatiques régionaux est à l’heure actuelle encore assez grossière, de l’ordre de la dizaine de kilomètres. Cette résolution engendre une sous discrétisation spatiale du cycle hydrologique continental, et donc une estimation approximative des échanges d’eau et d’énergie entre l’atmosphère et la surface continentale.

Monitoring water table depths at Bauru Aquifer System in a conservation reserve in Aguas de Santa Barbara, Sao Paulo, Brazil

A hydro-climatological network of data collecting stations has already been set up at the Bauru Aquifer System in a conservation area in Águas de Santa Bárbara, Sao Paulo, Brazil by Dr. Rodrigo Manzione of UNESP Ourinhos. The purpose of this internship is to use the data that has already been collected to make predictions about how the water table will react to varying inputs of rainfall, ie. how much water will actually reach the water table with respect to the amount of rainfall.

Mapping, geochemistry and mineralisation of the Laird Lake area, Red Lake, Ontario

Shear zone-hosted, or orogenic, gold deposits are a significant mineral resource in the Superior Province of Canada. This study will investigate the nature and genesis of gold mineralisation in the Red Lake area of the Uchi subprovince. Recent exploration by Bounty Gold Corp. has identified Au mineralisation in the Laird Lake area close to the giant deposits of Red lake. This study will characterise the nature and tectonic setting of the host rocks to the mineralisation in order to provide a framework for subsequent studies into the Au-bearing fluids themselves.

Developing 3D GIS Web Services and Applying It in Oil and Gas Pipeline Geographical Information System Year Two

Currently, developing 3D pipeline GIS (Geographical Information System) with 3D data interoperability is not only highly required by pipeline industry but also essential for building 3D SDI (Spatial Data Infrastructure). This project proposes a novel approach to develop a new 3D GIS Web Services framework and components that is suitable for 3D Pipeline GIS and 3D SDI.

GEOIMPACT: Geophysical study of mid-size impact structures

The GEOIMPACT project aims to study several meteorite impact craters in Canada by using geophysical methods (for example seismic waves, electricity or magnetism). In the Solar System, meteorite impact craters are the most abundant morphologic features on rocky bodies (planets, asteroids) such as the Moon and Mars. However, the Earth has only about 180 known impact craters, most of them being either highly eroded by past tectonic and climatic processes, or buried.

Spatial Optimization Modelling for China’s County-level Land Use Planning

Considering the research gap that there lack quantitative models and advanced techniques to solve the land spatial allocation problem in China’s county-level, my PhD project aims at developing spatial optimization models to assist land spatial allocation that reconciles the market value, social value and ecological value of land, land utilization zoning and boundary setting in constructive expansion regulation zoning for China’s county-level land use planning.

Housing inequality in China: patterns and processes

China has experienced a rapid process of urban growth and its housing market has expanded greatly in the past 30 years. It is evident that urban housing consumption and overall housing quality have been elevated significantly in China. Yet, the improvement in housing provision is clearly not shared equally among all residents in Chinese cities. A burgeoning number of studies have been done to capture the social and spatial manifestation of unequal housing distribution in urban China and to explain the causal mechanism behind.

Negotiating in the Shadows

The research will examine the way in which marginalized communities are able to negotiate access to essential conditions of life such as water and housing. Infrastructure development and consumption patterns have failed to adapt to rapid economic growth and urban expansion. This has created an inequitable rift between social groups, with marginalized groups such as migrant and informal workers having more difficult access to essential services.

Holistic Rangeland Management for Mitigating Desertification on the Grasslands of Inner Mongolia, China

My research explores practical solutions to preventing and reversing the growth of global deserts due to climate change and unsustainable development. In this case, it is grounded on the grasslands of Inner Mongolia, China, where poor policymaking and implementation has failed to halt the expansion of the Gobi Desert. Another consequence of these policies has been the displacement of many semi-nomadic ethnic Mongolian communities living on the grasslands.