Improving efficiency and safety in aviation industry using big data analytics

In aviation industry a large flow of data including thousands of parameters are registered by FDRs (Flight Data Recorders). The objective of this project is to use this big data to improve the efficiency and safety of flights. The data is collected and segmented from the raw datasets and then proper data cleaning methods are used to preprocess data. Then, by the help of analytical models we define a baseline for different registered parameters and compare individual flights against the baseline to detect anomalies.

Decision Making Using Multi-Criterion DecisionAnalysis

This project is to enable groups of people to better brainstorm decisions in which people can have divergent opinions. Building on ValueCharts that lets people input their utility, we will build a tool that lets decision makers explore the space of the expressed opinion to see where there are differences and whether they matter to the decision being made.

CRIAQ MANU-404 : Additive Manufacturing

Bombardier Aerospace, Bell Helicopter Textron Canada Limited and Pratt & Whitney Canada have all initiated projects on Additive Manufacturing processes. Although applications are different, all companies are facing the same challenges including the lack of a mature certification path and a mature Canadian supply chain. In order to accelerate the maturation of this technology, we are proposing the first Canadian industryled R&D program on additive manufacturing (AM).

From visual analysis to visual analytics

Visual analytics “the science of analytical reasoning facilitated by interactive visual interfaces” is a new approach to the timely and effective analysis of complex technical and operational systems. Our previous MITACS internships at Aeroinfo applied this scientific approach to mixed-initiative human/computational analysis to improve aircraft safety & reliability analysis and business planning, resulting in changes to aircraft design and pilot training.

Enhancement of Turbulence Models for Airframe Flow Simulations

The numerical simulation of turbulent flows is an important component in the process of the aircraft aerodynamic design and development. The computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solvers used for predicting the aerodynamic forces and moments should be capable of accurately predicting turbulence effects. Such accuracy is crucial to efficiently design aircrafts with improved quality and performance.

Aircraft optimization and sizing methodologies

The proposed research project concerns the development of optimization tools and sizing methodologies used to assess optimal structural airframe configurations and aerodynamic lines for given business cases. A PDF intern will be in charge of proposing improved optimization strategies, mainly related to composite material, and of adding specific capabilities inside the internally developed sizing tool (LibStress) with the aim to increase the reliability and accuracy of the optimization models.

Chemical nanosynthesis of laser filters for aviation applications

Protection from laser light has become increasingly important due to the proliferation of cheaper and more powerful laser systems, especially in regards to interference with aircraft operations. Laser attacks, otherwise known as laser illuminations can be serious safety risks for aircraft operations as it can cause temporary flash blindness or irreversible injuries to the eyes of the pilot during takeoff or touchdown. Such incidents are increasing at an alarming average annual rate of 63% over the past ten years.

Test Automation with TTCN-3

Development of an Avionics system test methodology, based on the Test and Test Control Notation (TTCN-3). This will include (1) a gap analysis between TTCN-3 and current avionics test languages and environments and (2) a large scale case study. Of particular interest, will be the ability to model and verify both continuous control and discrete event aspects of avionics systems. This project will be used to improve verification and validation of CMC Electronics' innovative new avionics designs.

Improving Efficiency of Operations in Paint Shop and Pre-flight Processes at Bombardier Aerospace Company

The principles of lean engineering design are well documented for the automotive industry – where they have served to revolutionize the efficiencies of North American manufacturing operations. Lean engineering has subsequently been transferred into other sectors – where it continues to generate impressive results. The aerospace industry is faced with demands for efficiency of operations, and the throughput of existing plant operations are being challenged to meet increased needs for aircraft to support the growth of emerging markets, and the need for more fuel efficient aircraft.

Cold Spray Coatings Qualification for Repair of Aerospace Parts

Many aerospace parts on Boeing aircrafts cannot currently be easily repaired when damaged during operation due to the lack of existing economical-practical repair technologies. For example, damaged aluminum coatings or chromium plating require that the coating/plating be completely removed and then reapplied, an extremely costly and time consuming process.