The amount of emissions to the atmosphere is currently an important environmental concern as policy makers and Heads of State are starting to demonstrate a strong interest in energy efficient transportation, in particular energy efficient aircraft. However, current autopilot technology will often not take into account the energy used to perform a given maneuver which can lead to potentially larger fuel consumption and larger atmospheric emissions than what is strictly necessary. The task of energy optimization is typically left to a flight management system (FMS).
The rapid technological evolution of telecommunication networks demands service providers to regularly update their technology, with the aim of remaining competitive in the marketplace. However, upgrading the technology in a network is not a trivial task. When modernizing a network, the existing infrastructure and network components need to be taken into account. The design exercise must not only take into consideration the overall desired functionality and capacity but also the existing network properties.
The rapid technological evolution of telecommunication networks demands service providers to regularly update their technology, with the aim of remaining competitive in the marketplace. However, upgrading the technology in a network is not a trivial task. New hardware components need to be installed in the network and during the installation, network connectivity may be temporary compromised.
The number of biomedical scientific publications available in multiple repositories is huge and rapidly growing. As of April 2014, PubMed, the largest knowledge source for biomedical and life science literature, comprises more than 23 million citations. Querying PubMed with the keyword HIV provides a list of almost three hundred thousand citations. Retrieving data of particular interest for a specific research field in such a large volume of publications is often like looking for a needle in a haystack.
A camera is a device that captures light from scenes. Over the last century, the evolution of cameras has been truly remarkable. Through this evolution, the underlying camera has been improved by using a better optical lens. However, the new improved optical lenses, have been remained fixed in terms of size and weight which makes it hard to use in portable devices. In contrast to optical trend, according to Moore’s law, the number of transistor in the chip doubles approximately every two years. This leads to a huge improvement in computational devices.
The project concentrates on MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems) fabrication process optimization. MEMS devices comprise suspended structures, such as cantilevers, gyros, membranes, etc., which are created by removing sacrificial material around them in order to have these structures released to perform their designated function. Currently, these structures are being released with the use of either dry etch or chemical vapor techniques. Wet chemistry release of suspended structures is favorable: minimized costs, parallel process and most importantly reduced impact on the environment.
New developments in optical networks management is allowing to control network with a higher degree of abstraction. Software defined networks aim at providing simple mechanisms to manage open interface between devices and equipment within the network and the software controlling them. Furthermore, managing networks using software allows adapting them to evolving traffic patterns and applications, dedicating bandwidth where it is needed.
The project is about removing noise from video signals (for example, those taken by a mobile phones or professional cinema camera). Our current software first detects the type and power of the noise and based on that remove the noise from video. This proposal has three objectives. The first is to handle a specific type of noise called structured noise, not handled yet in our denoising software developed in previous MITACS projects.
Water injection in the industrial gas turbines is frequently used to improve the turbine performance during hot days. Injected water evaporates in the compressor section providing effective cooling leading to increased gas density and improved performance. Water injection technology poses several technological challenges. The injection system needs to be optimized to provide a uniform droplet size distribution across the inlet cross section.
The IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) is a key component in the Mobile Next Generation Network, which is used by telecommunications operators throughout the world to provide access to multimedia and broadband services. As these services become more sophisticated, and as the number of clients rises drastically, it is increasingly expensive to install and operate a network that will satisfy the users' expectations. Cloud computing (combined with high-speed networks) provides a potential method for reducing the installation and operational costs of IMS.