Prioritizing decision-making for agriculture and conservation in North America’s prairies under climate change and land-use change

Wetland habitats are critically important to many animal and plant species, and they are in trouble. The North American prairies, for example, comprise some of the most productive wetland habitats in the world, but many areas of the prairies have lost up to 90% of their wetlands and more than 90% of their native grasslands due to farming practices and more recently, climate change. This project will build a decision-support framework to prescribe the conservation actions needed to sustain wetland biodiversity in the face of climate and land-use changes.

Sustainable Capacity Building in the North by the North

This unique research project, undertaken by Master of Northern Governance and Development (MNGD) students, contributes significantly to our understanding of the North. The research focuses on community-based responses to rapid economic, social, and environmental changes and the development of the local capacity to respond. The analysis is collaborative, involving key stakeholders at the community and multi-community levels, and is informed by their values and interests.

Applications of Neural Network Curve Fitting Methods for Least-squares Monte Carlo Simulations in Financial Risk Management

Monte Carlo simulation methods are commonly used as a risk management tool to estimate the risk exposure of financial asset portfolios. However, the traditional brute-force Monte Carlo (BFMC) method is often very timeconsuming, which makes it difficult to serve the risk management needs of modern insurance industry. An alternative approach, the least-squares Monte Carlo (LSMC) method, could substantially reduce the computation cost by fitting a proxy function of liabilities using simple nonlinear regression methods.

Building Scalable Business Transaction and Data Mining Systems For Insurance Workloads

Farmers of North America (FNA) and FNA Strategic Agriculture Institute (FNA STAG) are two Canadian organizations dedicated to maximizing farm profitability. They collect and analyze demographic, legal, marketing and relevant data about its producers and partnering commodity organizations to understand the farmer market need and create strategies for business operation functionality. With this project, the organizations will get two database systems, the market/consumer research and distributed database.

Minimum Velocity, Pressure-Balanced Flow Control in a Multi-Primary System

Modern air seeders in their simplest form involve an air supply system that receives granular product (seed and fertilizer) from a large holding tank, propels the product through several distribution lines, and delivers the product to the soil. Currently the conveying air runs faster than is usually required to reduce the risk of plugging. However, this results in wasted power in the air supply system, and also wasted inputs through either damage or misplacement.

Mitigation of concrete corrosion in potash mine and milling operations

The objective of this research will be to evaluate the ability of a rebar coating strategy to resist chloride induced corrosion and to test its efficacy in mitigating concrete corrosion in potash mill environments. This research project involves a collaboration between academics and the potash industry under the guidance of the International Mineral Innovation Institute (IMII). The academic research team will be able to supply the partner organizations with highly trained HQP with expertise in corrosion and materials science.

An Analysis of Flax Breeding Programs in Western Canada

Canada is the largest producer of flax in the world and the demand for flax is expected to increase significantly due to its proven health benefits. At the same time, the number of flax breeding programs in Western Canada has recently decreased from three programs to just one breeding program. The producer funded Saskatchewan Flax Development Commission (SaskFlax) is contemplating an expansion of flax breeding activity to address the deficit.

Real Time Monitoring of Water Content in Reclaimed Mine Waste using Cone Penetration – Time Domain Reflectometry

The research includes the development of a device that will measure the water content in soils. This device will be pushed into the soil and will provide a reading related to the volume of water stored within the soil. The device senses the dielectric properties of the soil, properties that are strongly controlled by the volume of water within the soil. The device is advanced into the soil using a conventional geotechnical engineering investigative test called a cone penetration test.

Development of Feed Blocks for Livestock

BNTrading Inc., located in Alberta, is interested in developing a more efficient form (block) of densified feed material compared to small-size cubes and pellets currently available. This new form of densified material is to provide an easier handling, storage, and transportation. The target is firstly to convert the pellet or cube forms to block in trials. If there is a possibility of this transformation to blocks, the work will be conducted for the conversion of these conventional densified feed to feed blocks. Otherwise, the crushed form of feed will be used for production of feed blocks.

Identifying the drivers of polar bear-human interactions

Polar bears are curious, and that curiosity often leads them into conflict with people. Park and wildlife managers across the Arctic need to understand why polar bears approach people and whether they do so because of human activities, a lack of sea ice, or a combination of both of these factors. Currently, this is not known, which makes it hard to plan how to prevent conflicts between polar bears and people; especially with sea ice conditions changing rapidly as a result of a warming Arctic climate.

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