Wireless communication devices have become an essential part of our lives and new ubiquitous applications are evolving rapidly. The spectrum of wireless links is limited and its efficient utilization via smart technology is very crucial to fulfill the ever increasing demand. Femtocell using a low-power home base station is a promising technique for serving indoor quasi-immobile users. It has the potential to provide better coverage and increased data rate to indoor users and to support more users/services by offloading the major traffic from the macrocell to the underlay femtocells.
The goal of this project is to apply constraint programming to planning and scheduling problems that arise in the aerospace industry. Constraint programming is a successful methodology for solving complex combinatorial problems. The aerospace industry offers many opportunities to apply state-of-the-art constraint programming techniques in order to optimize complex scheduling and resource allocation problems, avionics scheduling, and space mission planning.
The high throughput combinatorial testing for pharmaceutical applications requires fast methods for manipulating droplets in microfluidic systems. In this project, a microwave platform will be designed and employed for fast droplet heating, identification and detection. The use of extremely confined microwave energy makes heating, detecting, and identifying droplets possible. With the new platform it will be possible to control the temperature of each droplet separately.
Free Surface Electrospinning (FSE) is a novel process capable of producing non-woven webs of continuous nanofibres with controlled morphology and size from polymer solutions with the application of high electric fields. This novel scheme which was based on a rotating cylinder-solution feeding system is capable of producing nanofibres at a reasonable rate with compared to the conventional capillary schemes. We propose to further investigate and optimize the scheme for the use of wide range of applications in industry.
There is an urgent need for developing and applying methods for analyzing longitudinal survey data. The proposed research aims to address that need with data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Project, which is conducting parallel longitudinal surveys across 20 countries to evaluate the impact of tobacco control policies (e.g., warning labels, smoke-free laws). These methods will also examine the natural smoking and cessation history of individuals and whether that history varies across countries. ITC is supported by the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR); Dr.
Amorphous selenium direct detection X-ray detectors coupled to amorphous silicon readout circuits provide the best spatial resolution and are the leading technology for the worldwide breast cancer imaging market. However, they are relatively slow and noisy leading to higher X-ray dose requirements for the emerging and highly accurate modality of 3D breast imaging. We plan to develop high speed, low noise digital imagers that can leverage the spatial resolution advantages of existing a-Se detector technology. The results of this research will help create a product that can directly benefi
Stroke Canada's leading cause of chronic disability often induces a condition of significantly reduced speeds of motion. Timely movements are, however, vital to prevent falls, perform daily activities, and be able to return to work. Therefore, our objective is to characterize `stroke-related slowing' and to suggest novel therapies. Balance characteristics during perturbed standing will be captured for healthy people and people experiencing stroke-related slowing. Both groups will also perform a voluntary movement that will be replicated by a mathematical model.
Membrane processes are increasingly used for the production of drinking water, representing a clean and efficient technology. The application of membrane processes is limited by the accumulation of fouling components at/near the membrane surface and constitutes membrane fouling. Therefore, fouling monitoring and control strategies are necessary to ensure sustainable operation of membrane processes. In collaboration with GE Water and Process Technologies, the proposed research will develop tools for the characterization and minimization of membrane fouling by combining fluorescence spectr
Software testing in one of the imporant phases in software development process and has a significant impact on the final product quality. However, the spent cost and time for testing are high, and often increase after several releases. This project aims at test case selection and prioritization at Research in Motion (RIM) Company. The objective is to investigate the current testing process at TIM, and propose a systematic approach for improving efficacy and efficiency of test case selection and prioritization.
The project will examine the environmental impact of using anaerobic digestion for the processing of the organic faction of municipal solid waste in the Partners in Project Green (PPG) Eco]Business Zone (EBZ). This project will be a partnership between a masterfs student at the University of Waterloo (UW), the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA), the Greater Toronto Airports Authority, the Region of Peel, and Yield Energy (YE). The project will build upon the work already completed by Yield Energy in establishing a business case for anaerobic digestion.