The use of fossil fuels for energy and chemical production is not sustainable, and it leads to increased emissions of air pollutants (SO2 and NOx) and greenhouse gases. It is thus of strategic significance to explore alternatives to fossil resources for both energy and chemicals production. Among all the potential alternatives to fossil resources, biomass is promising because it is renewable and immense. Canada is blessed with 401.9 million hectares of forest, approximately 10% of the world’s total forest cover.
Bringing cloud computing from the Internet domain to Next Generation Networks (NGN) in order to provide Telco cloud services will leverage the use of NGN, reduce costs and create many value-added services. It is therefore becoming critical for world-class carriers, like Bell and Telus, to adopt a cloudbased communications model. However, unlike public Internet clouds, a Telco cloud has specific requirements, such as performance, scalability, security and isolation.
NanoNB Corp (NNB) is a small business concern established in 2005 in New Brunswick, Canada. The company manufactures fullerenes/nanotubes and performs application development. The Intern Cluster (4 students) will focus on proces is improvements of the company’s plasma reactor to improve yields and efficiency of fullerene recovery. As well, two interns will work on conversion of fullerene product to a form used for plastic solar cells. NNB has established a direct market link for these materials and is heavily market-oriented.
BCTMP (Bleached chemi-thermo-mechanical pulp) or HYP (high-yield pulp) is an important sector in the Canadian market pulp business, and most of them has been exported to Europe and Asia and over half of it is used as middle-ply furnish in Folding Boxboard (FBB). FBB requires high bending stiffness for crush resistance, z-directional strength for preventing delamination, surface smoothness for good printing, and good die-cutting performance for conversion. Maple HYP has been known to be the premium pulp in the middle ply of FBB since it has a very high bulk.
Removal of CO2 from different gas streams, such as fossil fuel combustion gases, is becoming increasingly important to reduce effects of global warming. It is widely recognized that adsorption process is a promising technology provided that materials with high capacity and selectivity toward CO2 are available. Materials with sponge-like properties, such as ordered mesoporous silicas, are ideal for CO2 capture. If this type of material can be made highly efficient, reusable and stable, it will open the path to a low cost carbon sequestration.