Affordable Storm Shelters for Thunderstorm Activities in Canada

There is a growing number of thunderstorms capable of generating intensive gust fronts and tornadoes, which drastically affect people living in the rural/cottage areas. For instance, in 2020, Canada paid 2.5 billion CAD for weather-related insurance claims, and this number is growing due to climate change. Thunderstorms are responsible for most of the weather-related losses within Canada. The resiliency of civil infrastructure against extreme winds leads to safer communities. Currently, the influence of windstorms is not sufficiently accounted in building codes.

New Pavement-Stress Rutting Mapping Method using Spinning Multi-Beam LiDAR

Roads and pavement stresses monitoring and assessment is of paramount importance to ensure road safety is maintained. Pavement stresses and deformation, as road rutting, poses a road safety risk as it can be the cause of collisions leading to loss of lives. Traditional methods used to monitor and assess road conditions are labour and cost intensive, can’t cover large areas of the roads and typically causes traffic disturbance as road closures are needed.

Investigating the characteristics of reinforced compressed earth block

Around half of the world’s population are living in some form of earthen building. Compressed earth blocks are widely known as a low-cost material that has high thermal capacity, low environmental impact, and ease of construction. The project will address three items: material characterization, development length of steel reinforcing bars and performance under freeze-thaw cycles. The material characterization work will focus on testing a series of CEBs under concentric compression as well as prisms of the same materials in four-point bending to get the compressive and the tensile strengths.

Jacques Cartier Bridge Forged Pin Testing and Analysis

Fatigue damage and corrosion are of significant concern in bridge structures and can have grave consequences on public safety. In addition, bridge structures, such as the Jacques Cartier Bridge, that were built in the early 20th century can be more susceptible to damage as the bridge structures were not designed for current traffic load and fatigue considerations. The Jacques Cartier Bridge is a transportations infrastructure of Canada with more than 90 years of age and is exposed to deicing salt, moisture, and extremely cold weather.

Aeration of hydraulic turbines for increased dissolved oxygen

In warm climates warm temperatures cause thermal stratification in hydropower reservoirs inhibiting mixing and leading to deoxygenation of waters at depth (hypolimnium). Turbines withdrawing water at depth result in low dissolved oxygen (DO) in the downstream flow having a large negative impact on the downstream riverine ecosystem. Legislation in the USA and elsewhere now requires hydropower operators to guarantee meeting minimum DO limits in downstream flows.

Development, Design, and Implementation of Low Carbon Concrete Structures

The production of cement contributes to 8% of global CO2 emissions resulting in a pressing need to develop strategies for reducing the use of cement. This research project focuses on reducing cement use by improving structural efficiency. In order to fully understand the behaviour of these efficient structural elements and ensure that they will provide safe and durable structures, advanced testing techniques (e.g. hybrid simulation) and sensor technologies (e.g. distributed fibre optic strain sensing) will be employed.

Investigating continuous miners’ performance at Goderich salt mine to minimize the generation of fine particles

Continuous miner (CM) optimal performance depends upon various factors which controls the rock-bit (cutter) interaction, including the type and geometry of the bits (cutters), operational parameters (drum speed, advance rate and etc.) and geological setting of the target rock. According to the conducted investigation on CMs performance at Goderich mine, although, these machines have improved the production rate significantly, fine particle (

Construction of Canada’s First 3D Printed Residential Homes – A Demonstration Project

This Mitacs project is a demonstration project through which four small residential homes will be printed in the Windsor-Essex region. This project will be the first construction project in Canada where 3D printing technologies will be used to build residential homes. These homes will be built by Habitat for Humanity Windsor-Essex for low-income families and homeless teenagers. The objective is to introduce and implement these cutting-edge 3D printing technologies in Canada’s construction industry.

Multi-hazard Risk & Resilience Assessment for Real Asset Decision-Support

High-resolution natural risk analysis of client-specific asset portfolios that supports science-based decision making for asset modernization, upgrade and acquisition & disposal is a crucial part of asset management in the face of major natural hazards and climate change.

Data-Driven Real-Time Defect Detection in Polymer Production Lines using Machine Learning

The composite products possess an essential role in different industries, including aerospace and marine. Automation has been introduced in the manufacturing line of composite products aiming to improve the production rate. However, the downside with the automation application in the manufacturing line is the formation of defects in the final product, while the conventional inspection methods (e.g., human eye inspection) are not practical anymore. This project aims to use computers for fast inspection and optimization of the final product.