Light Weighting Structural Injection Molded Parts for the Automotive Industry

Light weighting in the automotive industry is ever becoming important. The overall objective of this research project with Axiom Group Inc. is to develop an innovative, cost-effective and industry-scale technology that can produce lightweight automotive products with good impact strengths. The project is aiming to achieve the cellular morphology to maximize weight reduction (20-30%) without sacrificing (or even while enhancing) impact properties of the product.

High Energy, RAnge extending battery for Electrical Vehicles (HERA-EV)

We can deal with the daunting challenges of depleting fossil fuels as-well-as the toxic and greenhouse gases emitted from the gasoline/diesel driven vehicles by replacing their internal combustion engine with rechargeable batteries. This project focuses on the development of an all-metal-free and biocompatible rechargeable battery system that will compete with the existing counterparts (Lithium-ion batteries, LIBs) in Electric Vehicles (EVs) currently under development.

Tungsten carbide-based coatings using recycled powders

Tungsten carbide-based coatings are used to protect oil field equipment from wear and corrosion. The coatings are carbide-metal composites and are applied by a spraying process. By applying the coatings it is possible to extend the lifetimes of critical equipment such as pumps and valves, and avoid unplanned outages. The spraying process used to deposit the coatings produces a substantial amount of waste powder . This project will design a method to recycle the scrap powders to enable them to be used to produce industrial -quality protective coatings.

Development of high precision microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) based vacuum encapsulated resonators

Rapid development of micro-fabrication technology, once considered exclusively for aerospace navigation, is now regarded for a wide range of applications, including autonomous vehicle navigation, underwater and industrial applications. Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)-based gyroscope employs a resonating mass (resonator) to detect changes in motion, which is the central element of the gyroscope. MEMS resonator energy loss is the primary barrier towards achieving navigation-grade precision, so predicting resonators’ vibration characteristics is critical for minimizing energy loss.

Investigation of mechanical and electrical properties of polymeric nanocomposites under erosion - Year two

In the upstream pipelines, the application of the internal pipeline coatings with specialized polymer has been utilized to protect pipeline from corrosion and abrasive wears. The coatings are rearranged or re-lined when the coating wears out. However, there is no direct and continuous monitoring for the integrity of internal pipeline coatings. Thus the rearrangement or re-lining of the coating is performed pre-emptively before fully utilizing the coating. It is required to develop a novel technique, not only for the efficiency but also to prevent pipeline leakage.

Understanding helmet design and performance based on size, fit, and component analysis

The main concern for helmet performance is the reduction of skull and brain injury risk during impact events. Combinations of shell materials, foams, and three-dimensional engineered structures are used to design hockey helmets. Using current helmet evaluation techniques, the contributions of each of these components cannot be directly assessed. In the proposed work, high-speed X-ray imaging will be used to obtain full-field, time-resolved internal monitoring and measurement of helmet component deformation and interaction with a head surrogate (headform).

Efficacy Assessment and Improvement of an Allergen Dispersion System in an Exposure Room

Red Maple Trials (Ottawa, ON) created a new facility where patients can be exposed to airborne allergens. In this facility, the patient’s symptoms (with or without medication intervention) can be monitored in a controlled manner. In the current project, airborne allergen (pollen and dust mites) concentration and size distribution will be monitored in time. It is expected that more homogeneous allergen concentration and spatial distribution in this exposure room will allow better competitiveness for the company to attract pharmaceutical companies.

Development of a supervised and transparent prediction model for predicting bond credit rating migrations in real-time for short to moderate time frame

The purpose of this research is to develop a supervised prediction model that will be used to predict whether a bond credit rating will migrate down to a lower credit rating in a short to moderate time frame.

Collision-free Farm Field Coverage Path Planning using Autonomous DOT Vehicles

The objective is to: (1) develop full-coverage path plans for an autonomous DOT vehicle, designed and developed by Dot Technologies Corp., operating in a farm field, and (2) avoid collision with other agricultural machines operating in the same field, e.g., a combine, via model-based motion tracking using on board camera vision.
A software suite, with a user-friendly GUI, will be developed, where the user can upload a satellite image of a farm filed, and also the type of agricultural implement to be used.

Targeting platelet-neutrophil axis: a novel therapeutic approach for Scleroderma

Scleroderma or Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by progressive fibrosis of skin and multiple internal organs and prominent and often severe alterations in the microvasculature. Although SSc is the third most common systemic inflammatory autoimmune disease, there is currently no effective disease-modifying therapy for SSc. The overall objective of this project is to develop a novel therapeutic approach for SSc via the modulation of autophagy levels in disease-causing neutrophils.