Microbial contamination of TransX diesel fuel tanks.

The TransX Group of Companies is Canada’s largest privately owned transportation company. Its mission is to provide integrated transportation solutions to businesses throughout North America. In the fall of 2017, the Winnipeg office of TransX discovered that diesel fuel tanks for their long-haul refrigeration units contained a sludge-like, microbial biofilm and that the fuel filters from these tanks to the generators running the refrigeration compressors were becoming clogged. Dr. David Levin, in the Department of Biosystems Engineering at the University of Manitoba.

Nanotechnology Solving Environmental Protection and Cyber-Physical Security: Smart Power-Grid Application

The ACPS will offer high-reliability and real-time monitoring of the smart-grid infrastructure and the secure CPS will provide secure communication and authentication of the smart-grid devices and components. This results in secure and improved power transmission that can reduce infrastructure maintenance cost for the utility companies and also reduced power-theft attacks from malicious sources. Successful outcome of this project will also reduce cost of power for the end user and benefit the society with secured higher quality of life.

Drying, harvest, and storage conditions of buckwheat hay used for commercial production of rutin

Production of rutin, a high value of nutraceutical, from buckwheat hay in Manitoba has the potential to be much less labour-intensive and inexpensive compared to that produced offshore from other crops. However, the optimum drying condition of buckwheat hay and the relationship among drying conditions, harvest times and the amount of rutin in the dried hay is not known. An inexpensive and faster method to determine the amount of rutin should also be developed for the factory production of rutin.

Development of Advanced Comminution and Gravity Concentration Technologies for Low Water and Energy Consumption

Mineral extraction and processing by mining operations is land, energy and water intensive. Mineral processing is both the single largest end-use of electricity, as well as the most water-intensive stage in the mining value chain. This research will help to tackle the issues of power and water consumption and lead to the development of reductions in land, energy and water intensity at mining operations.

LED Radiation Pattern Modelling

Display technology is ever improving; a current display technology being researched and created includes the use of LED arrays. One array could be used to produce a low quality image with minimal energy, while another more energy intensive array would be used for the sharper aspects of the image. Knowing exactly how these LED’s behave and their output on a screen would be most beneficial in furthering this type of display.

Development of an efficient process to produce influenza virus-like particles in insect cell culture platform

Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza infections. However, the current production of influenza vaccines in embryonated chicken eggs has limited capacity during pandemics or high demand seasons, and is both labor-intensive and time-consuming. Consequently, there is a need to develop a robust production platform that can efficiently accelerate the production process and ultimately replace the egg production system. The aim of this research project is to use insect cell culture-based technology to rapidly produce virus-like particles (VLPs) as influenza vaccine candidates.

Process optimization for extraction of compounds from natural sources - Year Two

Various methods have been developed to extract compounds from fruits, vegetables, and seeds. Subcritical and supercritical extractions are the most promising techniques with high output qualities and high cost efficiencies. Running the systems at different pressures and temperatures, the essential bi-product can be extracted from the natural compounds matrix. In addition to their effectiveness, the subcritical and supercritical extraction systems are environmentally friendly processes.

Natural Language Generation for Intelligent Tutoring Systems

This project solves the problem of generating content for a conversational intelligent tutoring system (ITS). The ITS gives questions to the student and then analyzes their answer using machine learning algorithms. Based on the student answer, the system will give them the hints and teach them how to solve the question. Moreover, the system will interact with teacher to generate content included questions, hints, and answers.

Understanding the effect of the oral microbiome on the performance of dental implant crown materials

We are at the era of precision medicine and dentistry; however, currently there have been no attempts for personalized dental implant design and material selection that take into account variations in individuals’ anatomy, oral microbiome, saliva properties, and mechanical requirements. The overall objective of this MITACS project is to utilize a multidisciplinary approach to explore intra- and inter-variability of oral microbiome and saliva properties of individuals and their effects on a set of new implant crown material candidates, manufactured by the partner organization.

Seismic performance assessment of smart highway bridges using life-cycle costing

Bridge infrastructure constitutes a substantial portion of the national wealth of Canada, whose performance during earthquake events has a significant impact on the public safety. How to enhance the seismic performance of bridge structures is a huge big challenge in civil engineering. And how to promote the application of advanced technique in civil engineering is another big challenge.