Developing and Implementing Governance and Algorithms for the PATH (Program to Accelerate Technologies for Homecare) Platform

The successful implementation of advanced technologies for sensor-based, ambient assisted living (AAL) in the homes of older adults is a complex challenge.

STRAT: Efficient Expander Data Center Network Architecture

Today, data centers are playing an essential role in the explosion of cloud computing services and the Internet. However, the current architectures of data center networks have not been optimized to transport traffic dynamically. In this project, we will develop a new architecture, which is based on the theoretical concept of Expander graph, for data center networks. We will build a hardware prototype, and mathematical simulation models for this new architecture, to measure it performance.

Development of Advanced Alkaline Stable Electrocatalysts for Alkaline Membrane Electrolysers

The proposed research will advance novel electrocatalysts developed and tested at the University of Toronto into pilot scale testing facilities at DCL International. The work will demonstrate the stability and catalytic activity of these novel materials in the developing field of hydrogen generation using alkaline membrane electrolysis.

Screening of Pre-Cancerous Oral Lesions via Dual-Spectral Autofluorescence

The proposed project will focus on expanding upon existing autofluorescence based cancer screening techniques. In particular, our efforts will be focused on using a dual-spectral approach to extract the intrinsic fluorescence of the sample. Current methods of autofluorescence based oral cancer screening capitalize on the fact that tumorous or pre-cancerous tissue exhibits reduced autofluorescence relative to healthy tissue. Because hemoglobin absorbs the autofluorescence emissions of interest, increased blood-flow to an area can results in false positives and unnecessary biopsies.

Integrating the gas and electrical grids for a net-zero future

Electrification connects renewable, low-carbon energy sources to the energy services that power modern society. Delivering this energy in the form of electricity is a formidable challenge, as the current electrical transmission network is not structured to deliver the amount of electrical energy needed to propel our vehicles, heat and cool our homes, and power industry and commerce. To reduce the demand on the electrical grid, renewable energy can also be converted into hydrogen and distributed through the gas grid.

Copper and nickel stable isotopes in overburden and transported cover as exploration tools for buried magmatic sulfide deposits - Year two

The rate of discovery of new, large mineral deposits has slowed, yet significant opportunity exists in many world-class belts where post-mineral cover obscures bedrock and can potentially hide world-class deposits beyond the reach of traditional geochemical tools. However, locating mineral deposits in areas of thick or transported overburden is challenging.

Pilot testing the recovery of gold from mine tailings using a novel clean technology

AJ Min Inc. is developing a novel technology to recover gold from tailings material. The technology requires little energy, little to no reagents, and little to no additional water. Past testwork has indicated that this technology can recover significant amounts of gold from some tailings material, and that the recovered gold can be upgraded. This project will build on previous testwork to assemble and test a pilot unit to evaluate if the recovered gold can be upgraded sufficiently to be commercially viable.

An integrated study of CO2-based CSI process and CO2 saline aquifers geo-sequestration

CO2 geo-sequestration is an efficient approach to reduce CO2 emission and achieve zero carbon emission with minimum impact on economic growth and people’s wellbeing. This project focus on optimizing carbon utilization in heavy oil reservoirs and CO2 geo-sequestration in the underline saline aquaifer with three key objectives: optimizing CO2 injection in heavy oil reservoir to enhance oil recovery, understanding the behavior of injected CO2 interacting with formation brine and aquifer rock, and modeling the non-isothermal behavior during CO2 injection process.

Characterizing protein and cell interactions with materials for improved 3D-printed implants

Additive manufacturing or 3D-printing is a new way to design customized metal implants that can be used in hip or knee replacements and dental implants. This emerging technology has the potential to provide improved implants and better outcomes for patients. However, the first interaction of an implant with the body occurs with proteins and cells and the corresponding response is critical to the implants eventual success. There are still many unknowns about the role of micro and nanoscale features on the protein and cell response to materials.

Building Performance and People Performance in Buildings: Pre- and Post-occupancy evaluations for design quality measurement in healthcare environments

Good architecture, arguably, is a productive exchange between design and data. Where design creates
innovation, data drives investment, and a clear, continuous feedback loop is imperative. This research considers
the increasingly acute gap in professional practice between how buildings are designed vs. how they are
experienced and how they perform when they are actually used.