Development of Standardized Laboratory and Semi-Field Methods for Assessing the Risk of Pesticide Exposure to Megachile rotundata F. - Year Two

Non-Apis bees are now recognized as significant pollinators. For most crops visited by bees, pesticides are used for pest management, and there is concern about the potential negative effects of pesticides on wild and managed bees. Most toxicity studies involving bees have focused on honey bees (Apis mellifera), partially because honey bee data are required for pesticide registration. Yet because of physiological and behavioural differences, honey bees and non-Apis bees may not be equally susceptible to a given pesticide.

Quantitative assessment of risks involved in mechanized skiing in Canada

Helicopter and snowcat skiing in the backcountry involves different hazards such as avalanches, tree wells or helicopter incidents, which can result in serious injuries or even death. While the risk associated with avalanche involvements is well understood, no systematic analyses have been conducted on the other risks.

Application, efficacy and scale up of a novel extraction method for valorization of by-products of Ascophyllum nodosum extract processing

The industry partner is a producer of a successful seaweed based plant product used globally to improve plant growth. However, a large amount of waste byproduct, termed seaweed insoluble residue, is created as a byproduct of the production process. This residue has been found to contain a large amount of the original seaweed biomass. By extracting this unused biomass from the product, it is possible to turn a current waste stream into a marketable product. The proposed project will make use of ultrasound processing to improve the solubility of the SIR.

LearnCloud: Crowdsourcing Educational Content for Syrian Refugee Children

Over half of the 1.8 billion school-aged children in the world lack access to basic education. The situation becomes worse in war-torn countries as conflicts in the Middle East, and in particular Syria, escalate. It is estimated that over 2.6 million Syrian children have not been in school for over three years. Thus, the proposed research project aims to alleviate this humanitarian crisis by investigating methodologies and best practices for crowdsourcing educational content for children in conflict zones.

Environmental Monitoring Protocols for Phosphorus Monitoring in the Georgian Bay Biosphere Re

The research project as suggested by Georgian Bay Biosphere Reserve (UNESCO designated site) is to assess their current Nutrient Monitoring Protocols, with specific emphasis on Phosphorus Monitoring. Phosphorus plays a crucial role in water quality and ecosystem function, and therefore requires further research into methods of environmental monitoring. The aim is to identify what additional water quality tests would need to be included in protocols to most effectively determine stressors and/or indicators related to elevated total phosphorus concentrations.

Cost, Energy and Hygrothermal Performance Optimization of Building Envelope Systems for Net-Zero-Ready Buildings

This research will help Innovation Building Group to optomize design details for proposed net-zero energy buildings in Golden, BC. The focus of the research is on comparing the costs of envelope design details with the expected energy savings. This will allow the most economical decisions to be made, which will mean that the best building can be built for the budget. We will accomplish this by creating an energy model of the base building. Details will be changed one by one, and the resulting change in total energy use can be attributed to the design detail.

An antioxidant nutraceutical from apple peels

Exposure to diagnostic imaging techniques such as X-ray and CT scan could cause DNA damage in our body leading to cancer. We wish to develop a unique antioxidant formula to avoid the risk of cancer. Apple peel has some unique and strong antioxidants called flavonoids. Our aim of this project is to examine whether apple flavonoids could contribute to the protection against DNA damage. We will use a carcinogen-induced experimental method using human cells to assess test compounds for protecting DNA damage.

Performance Metrics and Reporting Requirements for Sustainable Supply Chain Management

The Sustainability Toolkit has been developed to address the lack of step-by-step guidance to show organizations how develop and implement a comprehensive sustainability management plan. The Toolkit integrates globally-recognized approaches to sustainability management that can be used to manage an organization’s supplier/customer sustainability requirements.

Informing the Conservation and Management of Pacific Herring on Canada’s West Coast

The complexity of movement and behaviour in Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii) stocks targeted by commercial and indigenous fisheries in BC is poorly understood and often discounted in fisheries management policies, possibly contributing to recent stock declines.

Building Community Capacity on Local Energy: Extending the Community Energy Explorer Web-tool

(CEE) is a unique, interactive and visually compelling web-resource to build capacity of citizens, decision-makers, and local government staff on community energy and related land use issues. The objective of this 2-year project is to improve, expand and launch a public version of CEE in the Metro Vancouver region, and initiate a process to foster uptake and replication across BC.