Integrating expert knowledge and camera tap surveys to assess the impacts of development on terrestrial forest carnivores

Protected areas are important wildlife refuge but carnivores have large ranges and their long-term survival could depend on their ability to exist outside parks and reserves. The intern will use expert knowledge and camera trap surveys to determine the potential for habitat outside protected areas in southwestern British Columbia, Canada to act as habitat linkages for carnivores. This area is subject to increasing development from the recreation industry so identifying the potential impacts for carnivores can help prioritize wildlife management efforts.

Mechanical locking and durability of engineered floor products

Despite the global growth of the flooring market and the need for more sustainable, efficient, and cost-effective flooring designs, there is little comparative information for the Canadian flooring industry to improve the design and fabrication of laminated floor panels to address both the mechanical performance and durability of their designs while manufacturing cost-effective products.

Assessing forest harvesting impacts on furbearer habitat at the scale of Indigenous traplines - A case study in Indigenous consultation

The “Assessing forest harvesting impacts on furbearer habitat at the scale of Indigenous traplines - A case study in Indigenous consultation and forest conservation” project is planned to enhance the understanding of Indigenous rights holders concerning forest management activities that impact the distribution of forest types and ages upon which the forest dwelling wildlife that sustain traditional trapping and harvesting depend.

Identifying forests with old growth potential in the Credit River Watershed

Old growth forests provide important ecological services including carbon storage and habitats for a diverse array of species, yet they are often rare across the landscape. These forests are often challenging to identify due to the lack of concrete definitions of what constitutes old growth, as well as the lack of understanding of the typical features of old growth forests.

Use of floral phenology to estimate canola seed yield using satellite imagery

Canola is an important oilseed crop grown across Saskatchewan for its high quality oil. Canola has a very distinct reproductive stage due to its yellow color flowers. Therefore canola fields can be very clearly identified when observed through satellites with medium resolution. This leads to numerous potential applications, and one such application is in-season canola yield prediction. There are freely available satellite platforms which has a resolution of about 3-4m and therefore is useful in extracting valuable information such as flowering intensity.

A new tool for managing introduced Phragmites australis in Ontario: assessing invasion impacts and implementing biological control - Year two

Introduced Phragmites australis (common reed) is one of the most invasive plants in North America. Existing management is costly, can negatively affect other species, and is often only effective for small infestations. Classical biological control (i.e., introducing herbivores from the weed’s native range) is a promising tool for P. australis management that can contribute to a broader program of integrated pest management (IPM). Our goal is to partner with Ducks Unlimited Canada (DUC) to implement biological control of introduced P. australis in southern Ontario.

Does intensive tree maintenance increase microhabitat diversity in old urban trees?

The proposed research will take place in the City of Mississauga. A recent study by Gro?mann et al. concluded that heavy levels of tree pruning leads to an increased number of microhabitats, compared to trees pruned less often (2020). These trees are often called ‘veteran trees’ in North America, and are very important for urban biodiversity (CITE). They provide homes, food, and other resources to many plants, mammals, birds, and reptiles (CITE). Unfortunately, trees with these microhabitats are often considered a risk by the municipality to keep standing, despite their importance.

The potential to co-process biogenic feedstocks in commercial oil refineries

To decarbonise, the participation of the oil industry is key. Rather than process crude oils, refineries are able to co-process biogenic feedstocks alongside their fossil fuel to reduce the carbon intensities of the fuels they produced. Our project will evaluate what’s the impact of adding these biogenic feedstocks to the existing refining units by long term operations and what we can expect from the future more challenging biocrudes when they are available. The result of the work can be used by the refinery to further improve their process.

The Next Generation Agriculture: Role of Functional Microbiome in Cannabis Breeding strategies against biotic stress

Plants including Cannabis host distinct beneficial microbial communities on and inside their tissues designated the plant microbiota from the moment that they are planted into the soil as seed. Understanding the microbial partnerships with Cannabis has the potential to affect agricultural practices by improving plant fitness and production yield of Cannabinoids. Much less is known about these beneficial Cannabis-microbe interactions, particularly,the role that Cannabis may play in supporting or enhancing them.

Effect of agro?climatic conditions on the cannabinoid quantities in hemp crops

We want to determine the relationship between weather such as rainfall and temperature on outdoor grown hemp. Specifically what these variables do in terms of changing the content of THC and CBD in certain varieties of hemp. Our goal is to give farmers the knowledge so that they can determine when is optimal time to harvest their crop based on that years weather if they want to be below a .3 thc content, and have a high CBD content. However, the research we do will lend itself to farmers seeking other CBD and THC outcomes in their crops.