The requested Mitacs-Accelerate Internship application will support Dr. Yishan Liu (as an intern) and Dr. Yonghao Ni (as supervisor) of the University of New Brunswick and Neucel Specialty Cellulose. The overall objectives of the project are: 1) to improve the quality of dissolving pulps; 2) to decrease the manufacturing costs by using low-cost wood material. The improvements in pulp quality will be achieved based on enzymatic/ mechanical treatments that can be readily implemented at the existing mill configurations.
Master of Forest Conservation Candidates from the Faculty of Forestry at the University of Toronto will partake in the research and development of biochar in Haliburton Forest and Wildlife Reserve Ltd. Studies will provide a greater basis for certification and standardization of the product for use in forest systems and operations in Haliburton Forest, as well as in urban gardening applications as a soil amendment.
New forest law in Quebec implemented since early this year requires the forest management companies to put ecosystem-based management in the center of their forest management strategies by designing the forest management activities to resemble closely the natural disturbances (e. g., clear cutting to emulate stand replacing disturbances and partial cutting for secondary disturbances). Partial cutting is expected to be intensified to meet this objective. However, we do not have enough experience to demonstrate that partial cutting is economically viable.
Bunch and burn operations is a common tool for controlling the spread of mountain pine beetle in Alberta and involves felling and piling of infested pine trees and subsequently, burning the log decks to eradicate the beetles. Current practices mandate the complete burn of the bark, whereas past studies and government standards have shown that heat levels of 56˚C is sufficient to kill most pests and pathogens. This study will test the efficiency of bunch and burn operations, as well as comparing different log deck structures, in eradicating mountain pine beetle larvae.
Tamarack is deemed as an underutilized species. Recently York North Veneer Products Inc. (YNVP) received an inquiry on use of Tamarack veneer as sheathing materials in construction of light frame walls in Japanese market with an aim to replace Russian larch and Douglas-fir veneer.
Many Aboriginal peoples want to participate in economic development on their territories. They want to be treated with respect and have their cultural heritage recognized. They also want to ensure that resource development on their territories is safe, healthy and does not degrade the natural environment. There are business and IT solutions that exist that could help fill that gap, ensuring that aboriginal peoples are able to monitor business activities on their land.
Business transformation involves firms changing their business models to pursue new opportunities. The ambitions of transformation are to enhance a firm’s competitiveness. Transformation is risky— literature highlights that transformation efforts often fail; reasons include firms not having the sufficient competencies or enough capital to carry the changes through. As Canadian forest sector firms look to new opportunities in the bio-economy, they must change their business models to successfully compete in these new segments.
This project will assess the potential for using unmerchantable wood as feedstock for the production of biofuels and bioenergy. Large tracts of forests within the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Forest (GLSL) consist of low quality pine- mixed woods that could supply feedstock if the unmerchantable wood were recovered in a sustainable and cost-effective manner. We will conduct biomass harvesting trials at the Petawawa Research Forest to assess the sustainability and cost-effectiveness of whole-tree harvest operations in pine-mixed forests characteristic of the region.
Biochar is charcoal that is used as a soil amendment to increase plant productivity and as a means of keeping carbon out of the atmosphere. Although a number of voluntary carbon standards allow for soil carbon projects to generate carbon offsets, no protocol has been developed for biochar.
The Nuxalk First Nations is being empowered by the provincial government to take more control over its socio and economic affairs. One critical part of the transitioning is to manage their forest resources through a community forest license. The Nuxalk Development Corporation will be an active participant in their economic future, particularly in the area of forest land management, energy planning, community development and the manufacturing of wood and non-wood products.