Model based optimisation of operational level harvest planning and integration with tactical level plans: Towards the improvement of planning process performance

In this project, computer based models will be developed to support operational harvest planning suitable for the use by a large forest products company operating in British Columbia, Canada. The models aims to enhance decision making processes related to equipment/crew allocation, scheduling, transportation and vehicle routing.

Identification of heterotic gene pools to accelerate hybrid breeding in Brassica napus (canola) - Year two

Heterosis is a natural phenomenon where offspring (hybrids) outperform their parents in many agronomic traits, although exploited in breeding the mechanisms controlling heterosis remain elusive. Genetic distance between parents has been positively correlated with heterosis, yet does not adequately explain the phenomenon. Dividing lines from any crop into heterotic groups that provide optimal combining ability upon crossing, is one of the most important goals of any hybrid breeding program. The main objective of this proposal is to define the heterotic pools of Brassica napus (canola).

Displacement-based Design of Hybrid Steel-timber Structures - Year two

Driven by heightened environmental awareness, the construction industry increasingly strives to utilize materials such as timber with a low-carbon footprint in their life cycle. High-strength mass-timber products, innovative ductile connections, and fast computer-numerically-controlled pre-fabrication, combined with changing legislation create better opportunities to also build tall timber structures. However, low ductility and limited tensile strength of timber are challenges for such buildings particularly in high seismic zones.

Understanding Relationships between the BC Forest industry and Indigenous entities in BC

The for the health and well being of the BC forest industry and First Nations communities in BC, it is important to know how these two groups are interacting with each other. The goal of this research is to better understand what kind of relationships forestry companies and First Nations communities have. This research would use a survey that was given to members of the largest representative group of the forest industry in BC.

Prioritizing salmonid connectivity through the removal of barriers in a highly urbanized landscape

Systematic conservation planning tools allow us to use data on species distributions, habitat quality, and cost to and identify optimal areas to invest conservation and restoration resources. These tools can be particularly helpful in highly contested biodiverse landscapes where pressures from growing populations and economic development compete with conservation objectives.

Technology transfer of bioenergy systems for remote communities

The goal of this research is to use the developed information around the technical, economical and social political challenges for the implementation of small-scale bioenergy systems in remote indigenous communities in Canada. The targeted outcome creates a multi faceted model to evaluate the success and impact of future installation with less input factors to simplify the technology transfer and lower the overall investment requirements for communities or stakeholders.

Optimization of new hydrophobic pulp on conventional pulp moulding machines

Moulded pulp, is a packaging material, made from recycled papers. It is used for protective packaging such as egg packaging, fruit trays and coffee cup carriers. For many applications moulded pulp is less expensive and environmentally friendly than plastics and styrofoams, however, due to their high water absorption and low strength, these products are limited to only few packaging products. Biobinder, a biobased binder, has been developed from University of Toronto to imparts water repellency and improves the strength of moulded pulp products.

Mammal Densities in a Restored Landscape, the Algar Habitat Restoration Program

Species-at-risk conservation is complex and multi-faceted. However, mitigation strategies are typically narrow in scope, an artefact of conservation research that is often limited to a single species or stressor. The ability to research an entire community of strongly interacting species would greatly enhance our ability to forge more comprehensive and effective conservation decisions. Seismic line restoration is a key management strategy for caribou conservation but little is known about the response of this restoration on boreal mammals generally, or caribou, specifically.

Evolutionary history of Cannabis sativa L.

Cannabis sativa is a multipurpose crop, providing us with fibers, seeds and medicinal compounds. Its current economic importance will likely drastically increase following its legalization in Canada. However, despite its economic potential as well as its long history of use by humans, we know very little about the evolution of this plant.

Breeding for powdery mildew resistance in medical and recreational Cannabis sativa: strategies- to improve resistance

Powdery mildew is a foliar fungal disease that attacks all Cannabis sativa varieties. The majority of license producers (LP) producers have witnessed evidence of this problem firsthand. Plant yields and ultimate profitability can be severely undermined by pathogen infections. This pathogen is challenging to deal with, and early detection of fungus and pests eliminate these crop losses and boost overall yields. The proposed research will apply novel molecular breeding approaches to obtain durable and broad –spectrum resistance to Powdery mildew.