GEOIMPACT: Geophysical study of mid-size impact structures

The GEOIMPACT project aims to study several meteorite impact craters in Canada by using geophysical methods (for example seismic waves, electricity or magnetism). In the Solar System, meteorite impact craters are the most abundant morphologic features on rocky bodies (planets, asteroids) such as the Moon and Mars. However, the Earth has only about 180 known impact craters, most of them being either highly eroded by past tectonic and climatic processes, or buried.

Spatial Optimization Modelling for China’s County-level Land Use Planning

Considering the research gap that there lack quantitative models and advanced techniques to solve the land spatial allocation problem in China’s county-level, my PhD project aims at developing spatial optimization models to assist land spatial allocation that reconciles the market value, social value and ecological value of land, land utilization zoning and boundary setting in constructive expansion regulation zoning for China’s county-level land use planning.

Housing inequality in China: patterns and processes

China has experienced a rapid process of urban growth and its housing market has expanded greatly in the past 30 years. It is evident that urban housing consumption and overall housing quality have been elevated significantly in China. Yet, the improvement in housing provision is clearly not shared equally among all residents in Chinese cities. A burgeoning number of studies have been done to capture the social and spatial manifestation of unequal housing distribution in urban China and to explain the causal mechanism behind.

Negotiating in the Shadows

The research will examine the way in which marginalized communities are able to negotiate access to essential conditions of life such as water and housing. Infrastructure development and consumption patterns have failed to adapt to rapid economic growth and urban expansion. This has created an inequitable rift between social groups, with marginalized groups such as migrant and informal workers having more difficult access to essential services.

Holistic Rangeland Management for Mitigating Desertification on the Grasslands of Inner Mongolia, China

My research explores practical solutions to preventing and reversing the growth of global deserts due to climate change and unsustainable development. In this case, it is grounded on the grasslands of Inner Mongolia, China, where poor policymaking and implementation has failed to halt the expansion of the Gobi Desert. Another consequence of these policies has been the displacement of many semi-nomadic ethnic Mongolian communities living on the grasslands.

Water Privatization in India: The social, cultural and political implications of contemporary Indian water management

For the purpose of this research, I will be going Northern India to the Punjab state in order to study the way in which water is and the perceptions by local communities to these strategies. The rationale for Northern India is based on the dynamic changes to how water is
accessed in the region. Water privatization has been promoted throughout India by both federal authorities and external agents, and as such the State of Punjab is looking to privatize water in the state in phases.

Bargaining with the state: street vending, urban resistance and thepolitics of everyday life and survival in Hanoi, Vietnam

In Hanoi (popn. 6.5 million), the capital city of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the majority of vendors are rural to urban migrants, often women, who lack access to more durable livelihoods due to limited formal education, financial capital or social networks, who are now being pushed off their household land by the state’s development plans. Simultaneously, government efforts have sought to restrict the use of public space for vending. Although by trading, vendors can be fined, arrested, and have their goods confiscated, vendors can be seen plying their trade throughout the city.

The Spice of Life: Cardamom cultivation, trade networks, and livelihoods in Yunnan, China

Agricultural production and trade are central to Chinese economic development and the livelihoods of millions of people throughout the country. In China’s southwest Yunnan province, cardamom is an important cash crop that many rural communities cultivate and trade to make an income. This research project will focus on the current cardamom cultivation practices and trade networks in the Yunnan province, to determine how resources are managed and how knowledge is disseminated.

Computer Simulation of Geospatial Dynamics: How Do Cities Grow and Evolve?

Cities are the engines of creativity, wealth creation and economic growth in our society. Despite the increasing importance of cities in modern world, our ability to understand them scientifically and to manage them well in practice is limited. The greatest difficulties and challenges to any scientific approach to cities have resulted from their many interdependent facets, such as social, economic, infrastructural, and temporal-spatial processes. The problems associated with urban research and city management lie in the treatments of those facets as independent issues.

Flows of Water, Flows of People in Lao Cai, Vietnam

The Red River, flowing from China, runs through the northern border city of Lao Cai, in one of the poorest and most mountainous regions of Vietnam. A new expressway runs through Lao Cai and supports increased trade and investment. The economic growth draws in rural migrants, and also displaces people as it appropriates land to grow. Lao Cai’s urbanization occurs in a region that expects more intense and frequent storms due to climate change. Lao Cai already faces frequent floods and landslides that overwhelm its current infrastructure.