From the ParticipACTION Physical Activity Report Card to the Global Matrix 3.0: Impact Evaluation and Strategy Development

Internationally, physical activity levels among children and youth are declining, while sedentary behaviours are increasing, leading to the global rise in non-communicable disease. This project aims to contribute to childhood physical activity promotion in Canada and worldwide, and to the international diffusion of scientific knowledge concerning childhood physical activity though three actions: 1. the evaluation of the impact of the ParticipACTION Report Cards since 2014; 2. the optimization of the development of the Global Matrix 3.0; and, 3.

Evaluation of autonomous seating adjustments through subjective and objective measures

Sitting can become particularly problematic when individuals remain in a fixed position for a prolonged period of time. Pressure can develop in the areas of the body that are compressed by the seat, which can lead to a significant reduction in blood flow to the surrounding tissues. As a result, seat adjustability becomes necessary for the maintenance of good health since movement would help relieve pressure from areas of the body compressed by the seat. Using subjective and objective measures of comfort, a fully adjustable manual and new autonomous seating concept will be compared.

Level the field: Sport and Disability Inclusion

Canadian Sport Policy states a desire to provide sport programs that are accessible and reflect the full diversity of Canadian society. However a recent evaluation of 61 sport organizations in British Columbia revealed that most organizations are ill-equipped to serve people with disabilities wishing to partake in their leisure and sport programs (with some individuals with specific types of disabilities and impairments having little to no opportunity to get involved).

Validation of novel balance assessment software using Microsoft Kinect v2.0

Objective and reliable assessment of balance and postural sway has the ability to drastically improve the screening process for risk of falls among elderly populations. Standard assessment protocols and questionnaires are in place, however these do not provide objective, reliable fall prediction. Standard concussion assessment protocols determine the presence and severity of a concussion, as well as the athlete’s return to play fitness by measuring balance and postural sway.

Evaluation of EAAA Train the Trainer Workshop and Study of Recruitment Strategies

The intern will analyze pre- and post-training survey and interview data from the SARE Centre’s EAAA Train the Trainer workshops in order to improve the quality of this training. These surveys/interviews assess trainees’ previous experience, skills, knowledge, and confidence in relevant areas as indicators of the workshop’s effectiveness.

Examining Post-Implementation Pass Rates of Canadian Wildland Fire Fighters on their Physical Employment Standard.

Wildland fire fighting is a physically demanding public safety occupation. Front-line wildland fire fighters (WFF) must have an appropriate level of job-related fitness for safe and efficient work performance. Beginning in 2011, it was required that all WFF must demonstrate that they are capable of meeting the rigorous physical demands encountered during an initial attack response to a wildland fire. This decision led to the development of the Canadian Physical Performance Exchange Standard for WFF (WFX-FIT).

Development and validation of training load metrics and models for predicting athletic performance

This series of projects will provide coaches and sport scientists with a greater understanding of the relationship between training and performance. While there are several methods for monitoring how much and how hard athletes train, how these can be best used to predict future performance is still in question. The sports of rowing and middle-distance running involve similar race demands, that being a full effort over 5-10 minutes.

Examining the effects of “Fearless Physical Activity” workshops on physiological and psychosocial health in children with congenital heart disease

The “Fearless Physical Activity” workshops are designed to educate and introduce children with congenital heart disease (CHD) to physical activities that are safe for their health. These workshops will provide opportunities for children with CHD and their families to try new activities and to learn about the benefits of lifelong physical activity, specific to those with CHD. The research project undertaken by the intern will look at the effect of these workshops on daily physical activity, physical activity motivation and self-esteem.

Effects of various compounds on central nervous system neurons as potential therapeutics against epilepsy

Xenon has developed isoform selective blockers of the sodium channels that are expressed in CNS neurons with the intent of developing them for therapeutic use, especially epilepsy. The primary goal of this research project is to determine the activity of compounds on CNS neurons. Until now, all characterization has been done with heterologously expressed channels. Until recently, a major impediment to such studies is the heterogenous nature of CNS neurons, so that a large number of studies need to be conducted for a complete characterization.

The effects of X-Act Compression garments technology on muscle fatigue, active and passive joint torque and performance

There are many compression garment products on the market claiming to improve some aspect of performance, however their claims are not validated with empirical data. In fact, current literature regarding the benefits of compression garments on cardiovascular and biomechanical performance is controversial; with many results suggesting non-significant or even negative effects provided by the compression garment.

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