Wildland fire fighting is a physically demanding public safety occupation. Front-line wildland fire fighters (WFF) must have an appropriate level of job-related fitness for safe and efficient work performance. Beginning in 2011, it was required that all WFF must demonstrate that they are capable of meeting the rigorous physical demands encountered during an initial attack response to a wildland fire. This decision led to the development of the Canadian Physical Performance Exchange Standard for WFF (WFX-FIT).
This series of projects will provide coaches and sport scientists with a greater understanding of the relationship between training and performance. While there are several methods for monitoring how much and how hard athletes train, how these can be best used to predict future performance is still in question. The sports of rowing and middle-distance running involve similar race demands, that being a full effort over 5-10 minutes.
The Fearless Physical Activity workshops are designed to educate and introduce children with congenital heart disease (CHD) to physical activities that are safe for their health. These workshops will provide opportunities for children with CHD and their families to try new activities and to learn about the benefits of lifelong physical activity, specific to those with CHD. The research project undertaken by the intern will look at the effect of these workshops on daily physical activity, physical activity motivation and self-esteem.
Xenon has developed isoform selective blockers of the sodium channels that are expressed in CNS neurons with the intent of developing them for therapeutic use, especially epilepsy. The primary goal of this research project is to determine the activity of compounds on CNS neurons. Until now, all characterization has been done with heterologously expressed channels. Until recently, a major impediment to such studies is the heterogenous nature of CNS neurons, so that a large number of studies need to be conducted for a complete characterization.
There are many compression garment products on the market claiming to improve some aspect of performance, however their claims are not validated with empirical data. In fact, current literature regarding the benefits of compression garments on cardiovascular and biomechanical performance is controversial; with many results suggesting non-significant or even negative effects provided by the compression garment.
The prevalence of diabetes is growing rapidly and currently, over 60 million people worldwide use insulin treatment to manage their diabetes. However, insulin treatment can result in hypoglycemia or low blood sugar levels. To date only retroactive treatments are available to treat hypoglycemia, which affects an individuals quality of life and increases the likelihood of recurring bouts of hypoglycemia as well as development of cardiovascular or renal disease.
The proposed research will allow us to determine how the human central nervous system (i.e. brain and spinal cord) functions to produce different intensities of muscle contractions with and without fatigue. We will use a variety of stimulation technics to determine how active the brain and spinal cord are during the arm contractions. We do not currently have a detailed understanding of how the brain and spinal work together during force production.
Riverview Health Centre (RHC) plans to renovate their special care units and grounds, which accommodate 60 residents with intermediate and advanced stages of dementia. The main purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the renovations on residents, family and staff using a multi-methods research approach and a multi-disciplinary team of researchers (i.e., architecture, sociology, kinesiology, clinical psychology, pharmacy, nutrition, nursing, and health sciences).
Arthritis affects 4.6 million Canadians and the demand for timely and effective care is critical to better patient outcomes and cost effectiveness. The research projects will identify better models of care delivery for:
1) at risk patients with obesity who may require knee and/or hip replacement surgery or require conservative medical treatment in place of surgery; and,
2) for inflammatory disease (IA) patients who require rapid medical intervention to limit disease progression and symptoms.
This research will use data modeling tools for such patients to analyze the risk and need for surgery.
Low back pain is a leading cause of disability worldwide. The Canadian Armed Forces (CF) has a greater incidence of LBP than the general population. LBP is responsible for a large proportion of medical releases in the CF with many cases resulting in lifelong pain and disability. Improved early access to evidence-based care could help prevent chronicity and recurrences, and reduce health care costs. The purpose of this project is to implement and evaluate a new inter-disciplinary, patient-centred health care service that includes chiropractic services for the management of LBP in the CF.