PeerScholar in the K-12 Educational System

This project explored the effectiveness of an educational technology called peerScholar, which is an online peer-assessment tool used to enhance student learning. To date, all of the findings on peerScholar have focused on the development of critical thinking skills at the University level. However, given that learning begins earlier, the proposed research will examine the effectiveness of peer-assessment, via peerScholar, throughout Grades 9 to 12. The goal Is to replicate, and to extend, the peer-assessment findings with younger students.

eHealth and hearing loss: Effect of remote programming of hearing aids and rehabilitation support on device usage

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are poised to have increasingly larger roles in health care systems globally and one possible scenario is that Ontario emerges as a leader in providing eHealth innovation and service delivery.  Although ICT-based methods of service delivery are well established in particular areas of health care, the potential benefits for hearing health care have not been fully realized due to a number of technological and non-technological barriers.  Foremost among them, successful aural rehabilitation requires face-to-face consultations where practitioner

Towards a Cognitively Informed Music Knowledge Base

Music Information Retrieval is a burgeoning area of industry that assists consumers in retrieving information from increasingly large databases of music. waveDNA is an Ontario-based music software development company focused on building upon its proprietary algorithms for digital music representation and analysis in ways that make unique contributions to this field. The aim of the proposed research project, involving a collaboration between the postdoctoral fellow (Naresh Vempala) at Ryerson's SMART lab and the partner company waveDNA, is to develop a cognitively-based analysis engine.

Statistical development for the analysis of longitudinal survey data from the International Tobacco Control project

There is an urgent need for developing and applying methods for analyzing longitudinal survey data. The proposed research aims to address that need with data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Project, which is conducting parallel longitudinal surveys across 20 countries to evaluate the impact of tobacco control policies (e.g., warning labels, smoke-free laws). These methods will also examine the natural smoking and cessation history of individuals and whether that history varies across countries. ITC is supported by the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR); Dr.

Canadian youth's awareness of the negative consequences of various drugs: Results from the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse's Baseline Youth Awareness Survey

The purpose of the proposed research is to analyze the baseline data from the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse's (CCSA) Youth Awareness Survey to provide descriptive information about key beliefs, attitudes and behaviours of Canadian youth aged 10 to 24 years. An important objective is to focus on the self-reported substance use behaviours and perceptions of harm associated with substance use for very young Canadians (eg aged 10 - 13 years). The research will directly feed into the evaluation of the CCSA's Drug Prevention Strategy fo Canada's Youth.

Is the Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality-Institutional Rating Scale Suitable for Use at Correctional Facilities?

Although a large number of inmates are estimated to have personality disorders (primarily antisocial personality disorder or psychopathy), mental health screening and treatment programs in correctional facilities rarely focus on maladaptive personality patterns. Given that the effectiveness of mental health screening has great implications for the safety of staff and inmates, as well as for treatment outcomes, it is crucial to address the feasibility of incorporating screening for personality disorders into existing procedures.

Walking the Prevention Circle Evaluation

The health of Aboriginal children and youth has been identified as a critical issue in Canada. Walking the Prevention Circle (WTPC) is a violence prevention program specifically designed to support Aboriginal communities in promoting healthy relationships and healthy development for their children and youth. WTPC is a capacity building model for communities to train their own prevention educators, developed and delivered by Red Cross Aboriginal Coordinators in close collaboration with Aboriginal communities.

Evaluation of an Educational Intervention for Employees Exposed to Workplace Trauma

Experiencing a traumatic event at work has detrimental effects on the individual and the organization he/she works for. In some cases, exposure to a traumatic event leads to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); a debilitating anxiety disorder. In this study, 2 groups of Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) employees will be compared: those receiving the usual care (TAU group) and a group receiving an educational intervention (BPI group). The primary outcome is the proportion of participants seeking treatment.

Standing up to Bullying

This internship is in partnership with PREVNet. Researchers have found that bystander intervention during bullying episodes among children stops the bullying in the majority of instances. A number of constructs have recently emerged as potential correlates and predictors for bystander intervention, or lack thereof, and have not yet been studied within this age group (i.e., 10 and 12 year olds). These constructs have also not been investigated together within one study to examine their individual relative contributions (and potentially cumulative effect) to bystander behaviours.