Improving Powder Performance by Development and Optimization of Industrial Lubricants and Mixing Technology for Powder Metallurgy - Year two

Ideal flow, high-volume Powder Metallurgy (PM) manufacturing can achieve uniform, consistent filling of die cavities, leading to high productivity, low rejection rates, improved part integrity and consistent part dimensions. The type and amount of lubricant, size and shape of lubricant particles, mixing parameters and certain environmental conditions all significantly influence the flow characteristics and apparent density (AD) of powder mixtures.

Modeling of the Wear Performance of Carbide-Based Overlays and Coatings

Surface degradation during Oil & Gas and Mining operations in the Province of Alberta are pervasive. This has resulted in extensive research and development activities into the development of advanced surface modifications that are based on overlays and coatings. Most research effort has focused on materials selection, fabrication, and optimization of wear performance of those modifications through experimentation, trial-and-error, and microstructural analysis.

Development of electrospun micro/nano fibrous strain sensors with temperature sensing capabilities for wearable textile applications

Piezoresistive strain sensors respond to a mechanically induced deformation with a change in their electrical resistance. Large strain flexible strain sensors have been adopted for numerous applications including rehabilitation, health and sport performance monitoring as well as physiology and kinesiology applications. Although development of these flexible strain sensors has reached a level of maturity, design of a multifunctional strain sensor with temperature sensing capabilities and its integration with wearable textiles and electronics have still remained a challenge.

Advancement of bio-processing technology for ginseng polysaccharides: a model for value-added medicinal plant polysaccharides development

This proposed project focuses on American ginseng (AmG), a natural herb native to Canada that has been used as a traditional medicine for many generations. Southern Ontario has become the World’s largest producer of AmG with annual sales of over $400M at the farm gate. Polysaccharides (PS) are a major active component of AmG showing various biological activities including anti-carcinogenic, anti-aging, immunostimulatory and antioxidant effects.

Bacterial biofilms – Phytochemicals, efflux pumps and food safety applications

The partner organization is designing novel dispensing equipment for liquid products to be used by quick-service restaurants. A food safety concern related to the R&D of this equipment is the potential health hazards associated with the formation of bacterial biofilms within the dispensing system. Biofilms are complex bacterial communities that grow on surfaces contacting liquids. The risk for consumers is that these biofilms could shelter practices to remove biofilms will be established.

Economic complexity, value chain network and Québec’s global competitiveness

The purpose of this project is to position Quebec in the global production network and to compute Quebec’s Product Complexity Index (PCI) and Economic Complexity Index (ECI) using Hidalgo and Hausmann (2009) methodology. Based on the rankings of PCI and ECI, we can have a clear understanding of the economic structure of different countries and their hierarchical position in the global production and trade network. Hidalgo and Hausmann (2009) argue that economic growth is related to the intensity and diversity of business activities taking place in geographically bounded regions.

Vision-Based Welding Control and Quality Assurance - Year two

Manual welding is a highly demanding task which requires extensive expertise for certain applications such as pipe welding. To facilitate the welding process, increase productivity, and decrease welder’s required level of skill, Novarc Technologies has designed and manufactured a collaborative Spool Welding Robot (SWR) equipped with a laser assistant weld path tracking. Our proposed research takes into account the fact that currently, welders rely on their eyes and the limited view of the weld pool through the helmet to control the welding process.

Development and optimization of a new roll-to-roll atmospheric pressure plasma reactor: deposition of functional nanocomposite coatings on polymer and paper rolls

Wood and wood-related substances have been among the most important materials in human history. Today, various forms of wood are being used in numerous industries, and therefore a significant market exists for improved and functionalized wood-based products. In this context, we’re proposing an atmospheric-pressure plasma-based approach to treatment of wood-based surfaces using a roll-to-roll cold plasma reactor. Furthermore, this process may be adjusted for other flexible and heat-sensitive substrates, such as various polymeric films.

Marine Additive Manufacturing Centre of Excellence

The proposed NBIF RIF project will establish a UNB Marine Additive Manufacturing Centre of Excellence (MAMCE) in Atlantic Canada. The focus of the centre is the marine and defence sectors with vision for global marine technology trend for 2030, which includes additive manufacturing, and advanced materials. MAMCE’s mission is to accelerate the adoption of metal additive manufacturing (AM) technology in the Atlantic Region, mainly New Brunswick, through research, workforce training, and commercialization.

Fire retardant fabrics for active workwear applications

Besides sport activities, active wear has found its way into people’s routine life because of its fashionable appearance and comfort. Active workwear is also preferred for some jobs with strenuous activities, like operators working in factories or construction fields. Each of these environments has its own list of hazards, such as fire, chemical spills, or falling objects. Accordingly, specific protective clothing has been designed for such hazardous environment. However, they are not necessarily comfortable.