Due to depleting oil supplies and the global climate change we are compelled to seek alternative sources to supply our growing energy demand. Among green energy technologies, utilizing solar energy is the only way to address that problem, and tapping into this vast quantity of energy represents a grand challenge of scientific research and engineering. Current silicon technologies have thus far experienced limited deployment, primarily due to material costs. Developing novel methods of capturing solar energy is required.
Solar power is one of the most promising renewable energy sources and its terrestrial abundance is several orders of magnitude higher than world’s consumption. Conventional solar cells, however, collect only a portion of solar energy – mostly visible sunlight. Our technology is capable of collecting the entire solar energy spectrum by using semiconducting nanocrystals (NCs) as the photovoltaic material.
Integrated solid oxide fuel cell and biomass gasification systems are one of the most promising energy technologies of the future. Usage of this system to utilize biomass yields better performance and environmental impact compared to the conventional biomass utilization technologies, e.g. steam turbine and internal combustion engine. However, to get the most benefit from this system, the configurations and operating parameters of this system should be optimized, which can be done through modeling.
The purpose of the project is to identify the barriers to cleantech adoption, the role and effect of the government on the cleantech industry, and, in essence, understand whether or not the recent surge in venture capitalist investment and economic activity is potentially only a temporary aberration. Through iterative research and assistance from an advisory team, the internship will develop answers to which clients seek answers.
The utilization of power electronic converters will enhance the power flow in existing infra]structure assets of power transmission and distribution utilities. A recently proposed hybrid power flow controller offers the integration of existing reactive power elements with new converters. Before such devices are accepted by utilities, it is essential to demonstrate their functionality in well proven power system simulation tools such as PSS.
The goal of this research project is to develop a gasifier to provide a gcleanh (e.g. low in tars) syngas for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) applications. The intern will be involved in designing and building the prototype gasifier, and in designing experiments to determine the relationship between operating conditions and syngas quality. SOFCs have high electricity conversion efficiencies and can be used for small]scale community combined heat and power applications.
This project is focused on developing a wave energy converter (WEC) and using it to power a buoy system. The buoys continuously float in the ocean and undergo a large amount of dynamic motion which could feasibly be harnessed. The goal is to develop a device that can be commercialized and installed into any buoy hull. It would convert the displacement and rotational motion of the buoy into electrical energy. This technology could be adapted for use on any floating body, such as other buoys or vessels, which could benefit from this constant and sustainable source of power.
This research will support the development of the Eco-Industrial Park and Ontario East Wood Centre (EOWC), which is under development in the Township of Edwardsburgh/Cardinal. The EOWC is an innovative approach to revitalizing the regional economy by adding value to the under-utilized renewable forest resource in the area. A critical gap in information required by potential investors will be addressed. Sources and quantities of available forest-based biomass within a 120 kilometer radius around the EOWC will be assessed.
The intern will contribute towards the design and modeling of an improved air foil for a novel wind turbine that employs two sets of contra-rotating blades. An analysis of blade strength will also be performed for a blade design suitable for volume manufacturing, developed in conjunction with company suppliers. The results of the modeling and analysis will be validated in a field trial at the company's test facility, as time permits. The improved air foil will increase power output and reduce manufacturing cost and payback period for the wind turbine.
Interest in adopting biomass conversion technologies to produce renewable biofuels and chemicals in Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) is strong, fueled by recent closers in the pulp and paper sector, and, stemmed by availability of substantial forest biomass such s lo-quality wood chips in logging and sawmill operations. The NL Department of Natural Resources recognizes that although there is a substantial feedstock and opportunities, the nature of biomass generated in NL (quality, volumes, etc…) and the optimal conversion technologies for application in NL are largely unidentified.