Analysis and Design of Double Layer Electric Supercapacitor for Wholesale Grid Application

Storing electrical charge has been one of the top demands for human being during his lifespan. Nowadays, energy storage systems are among the most concern around the globe. The ability to provide a special class of electric energy storage devices that can complement or replace batteries and harvesting applications when high power delivery or uptake is required has drawn much more attention. With introducing double layer supercapacitors (DLEC) the demand for more rapid charge/discharge rates as compared with batteries has been increased.

Development and evaluation of a liquid desiccant membrane dehumidifier for Canadian greenhouses.

This project is going to develop and evaluate the performance of a noble dehumidifier. The design of that dehumidifier (SPLD unit) is already done by Nortek’s research group and submitted for the patent. The assembly of parts and lab testing of that SPLD unit will done during this project time. After lab testing, if all expected features are ensured, the unit will be installed in Greenhouse C. The initial control strategy will be made according to the previous environmental data. The data will be taken during running time of the unit and the control strategy will be modified.

Advanced rechargeable zinc lithium-ion battery

Renewable energy resources are intermittent in nature meaning that the energy can be produced only when the sun is shining, and the wind is blowing. Therefore, there is a high demand for an electrical energy storage system (EES) to store the energy during generation time and give it back to grid later. Recently, zinc lithium-ion (ZLI) batteries, which operate using much safer aqueous electrolytes rather than organic counterparts as in LIB, have gained tremendous attention due to their cost effectiveness and higher durability compared to typical lithium-ion battery.

Development of Hydrogen based Integrated hybrid energy systems through Power-to-gas concept for Industrial facilities

Under Ontario’s regulations, facilities generating thousands of tonnes of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per year must report their emissions, and industries are motivated to reduce GHGs through ‘Cap-and-Trade’ regulations. Based on the Power-to-gas concept, this research will develop a techno-economic-environmental model for hydrogen-based energy systems that include electricity from the utility grid and distributed renewable energy such as wind and solar. Toyota’s industrial facilities are used for a case study.

Bipolar Membranes for Electrochemical Technologies

Electrochemical water splitting into hydrogen and oxygen gas is a technology of growing importance in the clean energy storage and conversion sector. While this technology has been operating successfully for decades using liquid electroytes, emerging technology uses membranes to provide physical separation of the cathode and anode compartments and thereby separation of the product gases, while allowing ions to flow between electrolytes in order for the electrochemical reactions to occur. The membranes used in electrolyzers are typically acidic, proton exchange membranes (PEM), e.g., Nafion.

Green Chemistry for Green Solvents

A major contributor to smog formation is the release of volatile chemicals into the atmosphere which are emitted from many sources including automobile exhaust and consumer products such as paints. To combat the adverse effects smog has on air quality in North America, agencies such as Environment and Climate Change (Canada) and the Environmental Protection Agency (United States) enforce limits on the types and amounts of chemicals used in industrial applications and consumer products.

Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell for UAV Integration

The joint objective of the consortium is to undertake R&D necessary to produce a scalable, cost-effective combined hydrogen storage and fuel cell solution for UAV’s that addresses weight and volume and improves refueling logistics. The novel hydrogen storage system will be combined with a high-power density optimized fuel cell stack for UAV’s that integrates with the low pressure, volumetrically efficient, hydrogen storage solution.

Characterization and Pelletization of Refused Derived Fuel (RDF)

The key objective of this research is to test the Refuse-Derived Fuel supplied by ICC and investigate parameters Involved In making durable pellets from these residues. This will include conducting a series of pelletization tests with different mixture recipe, pre-conditioning of material as well as adding binders. The produced pellets will then be tested for their calorific value, chemical composition, chlorine content and ash content ICC plans to convert RDF to heat, and electricity through gasification.

Development of Li-Ion cells/batteries for low temperature applications - Year two

Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries are the leading candidate for powering hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and pure electric vehicles (EVs) due to their high energy density properties compared to other battery technologies. However, their performance is substantially reduced at temperatures below 0 °C, posing a technical barrier for market penetration of HEVs and EVs. The root cause behind this poor outcome is largely attributed to low conductivity of the electrolyte as well as low lithium-ion diffusivity.

Time-Dependent Effects On Vertical Shafts Used In Micro-Tunneling applications In Queenston Shale - Year two

Micro-tunneling technique is a feasible means to construct pipelines and tunnels in different types of ground including Queenston shale. However, this shale exhibits time-dependent deformation behavior, generally known as the rock swelling, which produces additional stresses on underground structures. These stresses may exceed the allowable tensile or compressive strength of concrete of the pipeline or the tunnel liner, which in-turn may result in cracks in these structures.

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