With the escalating global warming and its detrimental effect on the environment, there is an urgent need to reduce fossil fuel burning to curtail greenhouse gas emissions. Buildings are one of the large energy consumers and their contribution to the global greenhouse gas emissions needs to be reduced. Net Zero Energy Homes generate the energy that they consume. Equally important consideration is the Net Zero Water where the water consumption is equal to water production. For sustainable housing, it is very crucial to achieve Net Zero consumption in both Energy and Water.
This project involves the feasibility study of specific community microgrid technologies for the development of a Smart Community in London, Ontario by SE2 Technologies Inc. A first of its kind, such a community will represent a learning platform for universities and other cities in Canada. The smart community will consist of a minimum of 50 residential units situated in London, Ontario, and will be Net ZERO energy, built electric car ready and emphasize Smart Grid technology including the demonstration of a community microgrid.
One way to improve the efficiency of a building is to use thermal storage material. A recent thermal storage strategy is to use phase change material (PCM) which allows for the storage and release of thermal energy. One of the main advantages of using PCM over traditional thermal storage (like concrete) is that PCM can achieve the same level of thermal storage as concrete while using less material. Using PCM can also reduce and delay peak load, improve thermal comfort, and reduce the overall energy consumption of a building.
A cross-disciplinary collaboration between investigators in Electrical Engineering and Chemistry has lead to the discovery of a promising new material system for nanoelectronics. This material system is a conducting polymer / inorganic metal oxide heterojunction, electrochemically grown onto a crossbar structure. This heterojunction produces transient current-voltage characteristics that can be controlled by electric fields and exhibits memory effects.
Incorporating the Air Source Heat Pump (ASHP) into Building Integrated Photovoltaic/Thermal (BIPV/T) system has the potential to reduce building heating and cooling costs and dependence on non-renewable heating fuels. ASHPs could boost the quality and quantity of heat output of a BIPV/T system by delivering a seasonal Coefficient of Performance (COP) of between 2.0 and 4.0, which means 2-4 times more energy output than the amount of energy (electricity) consumed.
This research project will address the following question: What knowledge-based tools can help WADE Canada accelerate the suitable deployment of decentralized energy (DE) technologies? The proposed research will contribute to WADE Canada’s mission by:
There are many international efforts to modernizing the current aging power grid towards an efficient grid known as “smart grid” (SG). To implement SG, many sensors are attached to different points of the power grid infrastructure. These sensors collect data and can be used for controlling, protecting, and monitoring the status of the grid by receiving comands from the utility control center. Hence, communication is a keypoint in realizing smart grid. With the recent advances in wireless technologies, there is a preference to use new standards for the communication in SG.
The project consists of two independent segments. The first part, to be managed by PhD student Yoonseok Jwa, aims to develop and evaluate new photogrammetric computer vision algorithms for detecting and identifying POAs and insulator types attached to power lines (PL).
The goal of this project is to improve the process by which professional energy managers and utility company personnel analyze large amounts of data related to energy consumption. This process is often exploratory, meaning that many analysis questions are open-ended and cannot be phrased as a directed query. Open-ended exploration can be supported by information visualization, which involves a collection of techniques for displaying and interacting with large amounts and varying types of data.
To meet increasingly stringent guidelines for offshore wastewater disposal, new technologies are being considered by Canada’s petroleum industries for the treatment of produced water (PW) effluents. The purpose of the proposed project is to test the effectiveness of ozonation and enhanced approaches for treating PW effluents. Lab-scale, bench-top experiments using a specially designed bubble column as the reaction chamber will be used to test the efficiency of ozonation and the influencing factors (e.g., bubble size, dosage, time), as well as enhanced options by UV irradiation.