Feasibility Assessment and Development of Knowledge, Technology, and Tools for Reliable Hydrogen Injection into Natural Gas Delivery Systems

To reduce their carbon footprint, FortisBC Energy Inc. is investigating the possibility of injecting hydrogen into their natural gas distribution network. Prior to adopting this change, a comprehensive feasibility assessment and development of tools to support the hydrogen injection is required. This includes investigating the effects of hydrogen on existing gas distribution infrastructure, end-user appliances and equipment. Successful execution of the project will enhance FortisBC’s sustainable energy portfolio and support the pursuit and implementation of green technologies.

Electrochemical Impedance Modeling and Optimization of Li-Ion Battery Utility using Active Battery Management System (ActiveBMS) - Year two

In the last decade, lithium-ion batteries (LIB) have become the most popular power sources for consumer devices, telecommunication, energy storage systems, as well as electric vehicles. This type of batteries is indispensable in maintain our modern society. GBatteries have developed an active battery management system (ActiveBMS), which hinders LIB degradation mechanisms, such as the anode cracking and temperature growth by continuously adapting bursts of energy during the charging process.

Improving the Accuracy of Frequency-Dependent Transmission Line Models by Including Corona Effects

The candidate will utilize his knowledge and experience in transmission line modelling to implement test cases required for the electromagnetic transient studies. The simulations will be performed using well-known computer packages available at BC Hydro and Power labs at UBC as well as programs written by the candidate to implement the recently developed line model in his PhD work. Simulation results will be compared with the simulations previously performed by BC Hydro.

Real-Time HIL Simulation of a Battery Energy Storage System

Batteries are becoming popular options for storage of energy at large scales for application in power systems. A battery energy storage system may be developed using batteries of different chemistries and also batteries that are not necessarily at the same state of health. The capabilities of a battery energy storage system are affected by the characteristics of the batteries that form it. Therefore, it is essential that a storage systems be developed and operated with a full understanding of how these differences affect its performance.

Development, evaluation and optimization of a portable water electrolyser for hydrogen generation

The membrane electrode assembly (MEA) is the core components of Proton exchange membrane (PEM) water electrolysers, and the properties of the MEA directly affect the performance and the stability of the electrolysers. In the proposed work, a PEM water electrolyser with the state-of-the-art materials and components as reported in the literature will be built-up, and the performance and stability of such an electrolyser will be evaluated.

Development of an Electromagnetic-Transient (EMT) Compatible Model for Power Transmission Line Tower and Tower-Footing Grounding System

Transmission lines expand over hundreds of kilometers and are the most vulnerable component of a power system to lightning strikes. Damages to equipment, high repair costs, and loss of revenue could happen when the lightning hits the transmission tower or conductors. Tower grounding systems in transmission towers play a major role for mitigating the over-voltages. The impedance of the tower’s structure contributes to the total impedance of the system as well when subjected to lightning surges.

PART B- Conversion of CO2 and H2O to Syngas Using Reversible Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (RSOFCs) Technology - Year two

The main objective of this project is to demonstrate the highly promising performance of our world-leading catalysts in a scaled-up solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) system. SOECs can efficiently convert the greenhouse gas, CO2, or mixtures of CO2 and H2O, to useful chemicals and fuels, while running on excess electricity, thus serving to store intermittent electricity generated by wind and solar.
A leading company (ATCO) has identified our technology as being their first choice for the storage of solar/wind energy through CO2 + H2O conversion to syngas (CO + H2) or ultimately to methane.

PART A- Conversion of CO2 and H2O to Syngas Using Reversible Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (RSOFCs) Technology - Year two

The main objective of this project is to demonstrate the highly promising performance of our world-leading catalysts in a scaled-up solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) system. SOECs can efficiently convert the greenhouse gas, CO2, or mixtures of CO2 and H2O, to useful chemicals and fuels, while running on excess electricity, thus serving to store intermittent electricity generated by wind and solar.
A leading company (ATCO) has identified our technology as being their first choice for the storage of solar/wind energy through CO2 + H2O conversion to syngas (CO + H2) or ultimately to methane.

The effect of increased levels of converter based power generation on the voltage stability of a power system

As a result of the advancement of renewable energy and power electronic (PE) converter technologies, renewable energy sources are increasingly interfaced to the grid through PE based interconnections such as Voltage Sourced Converters (VSC) and Modular Multi-level Converters (MMC). It is essential to model and predict the behavior and effects of these components in the power system for safe and reliable operation. This proposed research project will focus on how renewable sources connected to the grid through PE converters, affect the stability power transmission system.

Waste heat recovery in aluminium smelters: technical and economic analysis (part II)

Aluminium smelters are energy intensive and not particularly energy efficient, as most of the energy required to produce aluminium is lost along the production line. This is the reason why it is mandatory to perform a detailed analysis of the thermal wastes produced in these factories. The main objective of this project is to investigate the solutions to recover the thermal wastes and to convert them into useful power.

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