The effect of video learning on socialization and physical literacy in individuals with autism spectrum disorder

There are thousands of people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Canada. Many are isolated socially, and
their health is compromised because they are not physically active. New innovative approaches are being investigated that can lead to more effective strategies to enhance the quality of life for people with ASD and their families.

Identifying Vulnerabilities in Sexual Assault Policies among Marginal and Racialized Communities in Southern Alberta

Interning with a community based organization, the Chinook Sexual Assault Centre in Lethbridge, I will aim to research and explore the needs of marginalized and racialized communities as it pertains to sexual assault resources and policy creation/implementation. That is, I aim to research how university sexual assault policy may be successful and where it may need improvement based on the lived-experiences of marginalized and racialized communities.

Sensory Disinhibition, Cognitive Flexibility and the Neural Correlates Underlying Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): A Simultaneous EEG-fMRI Study

Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often struggle to relax, or simply be at ‘rest.’ In particular, recent research has revealed participants with PTSD show hyper-activity across the visual cortex while at rest. Referred to as sensory hyper-activity and disinhibition, altered resting-state patterns are thought to be underlying hypervigilance and re-living sensations clinically, as well as cognitive deficits, which may be produced when cognitive resources are overwhelmed by sensory hyper-activity.

Quantifying diaphragm perfusion in humans: A novel application of contrast-enhanced ultrasound

As oxygen demand increases (e.g., exercise), the availability of oxygen decreases (e.g., high altitude) or cardiopulmonary function is impaired (e.g., respiratory disease), our cardiopulmonary system works at a greater percentage of its maximal capacity to supply oxygenated blood to tissues. Currently, there is no reliable way of determining the blood flow to the respiratory muscles. The current technique (near-infrared spectroscopy with injectable dyes) has conflicting data and limitations which hinders our understanding of respiratory muscle blood flow.

Digital data: linking rural innovation, access, and resiliency through community hubs

Online Digital Hubs (ODH) have the capacity to promote resiliency and connectivity, countering barriers to accessibility and disruption (Lamport-Lewis & Deacon 2020; McShane 2012; Rundel 2020). This is of particular relevance in rural and peri-rural spaces as traditional third spaces such as churches and community centers are in decline, taking with it opportunity for knowledge sharing and overlooking the lack of resources for new and atypical voices in community planning.

Injury, Concussion and Performance in the Canadian Premier League

Injuries and concussions are common in soccer and can result in time loss from sport. To prevent injuries and concussions we must first understand the burden and risk factors for injury. Therefore the purpose of this four year study is to: 1) understand the burden of injury and concussion; 2) risk factors for injury and concussion; 3) identify and develop of targeted prevention strategies; 4) evaluate the effect of these prevention strategies on risk of injury and concussion and 5) team performance in the Canadian Premier League (CPL).

Health equity, road safety and the built environment (BE): Examining barriers and facilitators to BE change decision-making, the impact of Vision Zero, and COVID-19

The goal of this proposed project is to increase the safety of vulnerable road users (pedestrians & cyclists) by examining factors that help or hinder the process of making changes to the built environment (BE) for this purpose. By examining data collected from municipal, transportation, police services, public health, NGOs, and schoolboard sectors in the Cities of Calgary and Toronto the deliverables of this project aim to inform policy and decision-makers so that more resources and tools are allocated to BE changes that increase vulnerable road user safety.

A Social Welfare Maximization Matching Framework for Supplemental Nurse Staffing

The adequacy of hospital nurse staffing in Canada is essential for the delivery of quality health care to Canadians. In light of permanent nursing staff shortage in most of Canadian hospitals, using of supplemental nurses to bolster permanent nursing staff is widespread. Having suitably qualified staff on duty at the right time is a large determinant of service organization efficiency in providing continuity of care. On the other hand, attractive schedules are an important factor leading to successful recruiting and retaining valuable nursing personnel.

The Tumour Cell Senescence Index: A Possible Tool to Identify Patients At High Risk of Treatment Failure During Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

While promoting the destruction of the majority of tumour cells, chemotherapy treatment in cancer patients also permits chemo-resistant, senescent tumour cells to survive. Such senescent cells can live off dead tumour cells during and after chemotherapy. They can then form new tumours, resulting in disease progression. We have recently observed that chemotherapy treatment also induces strong degradation of an important macromolecule in tumour cells called ribosomal RNA.

Evaluating the impacts and acceptability of a fresh food prescription program on health, food security, and social connectivity in Guelph, Ontario: A quasi-experimental study

Food security is a serious public health concern in the Guelph region, with prevalence of food insecurity surpassing the provincial and national averages. There is a need for community-based interventions to support individuals and families struggling with food insecurity and related poor nutrition and health. The proposed research aims to evaluate the impacts and acceptability of a fresh food prescription program, in which healthcare providers ‘prescribe’ fresh food to participants and provide them vouchers redeemable for fresh fruits and vegetables through an online delivery service.