Presently, it is significant to reduce CO2 emission and other greenhouse gas emissions. One of the major CO2 emission contributors is transportation sector. To reduce emissions and achieve a zero-emission society, the use of H2 as a fuel in ground, air, and marine transportation, a feedstock in petrochemical industry, and an energy carrier for energy storage is one of the most promising and environmentally benign option.
Urban population is facing unprecedented growth resulting in the need for additional agricultural resources. Traditional farming practices seem vulnerable to cater to urbanities’ needs, placing an additional burden on the food and agriculture system. Furthermore, the unsettling environmental impact of traditional farming practices has aroused the metropolitan population to search for alternatives, such as indoor urban agriculture and vertical plant systems. This study aims to address the key issues faced by the Canadian urban population to generate knowledge for indoor hydroponic systems.
The proposed Mitacs Elevate project is to develop and test a bedside artificial intelligence system for seniors in care. The goal of the project is to investigate the best uses for AI in assisted-living facilities and aging-at-home scenarios. Artificial intelligence technologies offer two life-changing solutions to a looming crisis in care: first, if carefully developed and designed, they can interact with seniors directly - leading them through daily activities and providing immediate real-time interaction until a human caregiver can help.
Small, handheld, point-of-care ultrasound devices (POCUS) have been increasingly used in recent years by non-specialists for a wide variety of diagnostic and treatment tasks. Since POCUS devices produce two-dimensional (2D) images, but anatomical structures are three-dimensional, we would often like to construct 3D volumes from a sequence of 2D US scans.
Microwave energy combined with a vacuum environment can be used for rapid low temperature dehydration and produce high quality food products. Industrial processing of tomatoes involves various treatment steps that affect the final profile of antioxidants in commercial food products. The goal of this project is to evaluate the retention of antioxidants in grape tomatoes using microwave vacuum drying. The influence of retention of antioxidants in grape tomatoes by microwave vacuum drying will be compared with air drying and freeze drying.
Due to the depletion of natural fish stocks, the aquaculture industry must build larger land-based farms to meet the growing demand for seafood. Currently, the availability of clean, inland fresh water is limiting the size of farms so the only way the industry can expand these farms is by reducing the water exchange. Cooke Aquaculture Inc. is currently constructing a state of the art zero-exchange system to produce salmon smolts. This research project aims to improve the understanding of zero-exchange systems by exploring three areas which require further research.
The next generation metal-based anodes will play a decisive role in the development of not only Lithium-ion batteries, but also the renewable energy sector. This research project is anticipated to improve the cycle life of existing Tin-based anodes and bring them one step closer to commercialization. Our objective is to identify, isolate, and mitigate factors that decrease the cycle life of metal-based anodes, and improve the cycle life by modifying the anode structure. The success of this project will accelerate the technology commercialization of the partner organization.
The long-term effects of COVID-19 on individual health remain to be elucidated, with numerous reports emerging of fibrotic changes in the lung beyond the acute phase of the disease. Considering the reported cases of COVID-19 worldwide, even a small percentage of these patients developing lung fibrosis can have detrimental consequences on our healthcare system.
Internal combustion engines currently power an overwhelming majority of automotive vehicles, i.e., more than 95% passenger cars and virtually all commercial trucks worldwide. The proper performances of oxygen sensors are essential for precise control of air-fuel ratio to optimize engine combustion efficiency and emission performances. This project will characterize the impacts of physical and chemical exhaust gas conditions on the O2 sensor performance to improve the O2-sensor for guiding partner's application in the production engine including other NOx sensor and H2 sensing feasibilities.
The development of siRNA therapeutics has experienced many ups and downs since its discovery in 1998. Twenty years later, the first RNAi therapy OnpattroTM was approved for clinical use by the US FDA, which motivates pharma industries to make continuous efforts to explore siRNA therapies. In this project, we aimed to develop state-of-the-art vectors for successful siRNA delivery in cancer treatments.