Pneumatic Based Clean Powering Options for Buses

This project aims to develop a pneumatic (compressed air) powertrain to be used in a 40-feet bus for municipal transit and school buses. Since the transportation sector is one of the prior contributors of Canada?s GHG emissions ( 24%), any alternative solutions to conventional vehicles carries significant importance to reach the GHG target that Canada promised under Paris agreement. Due to the nature-friendly characteristic of the developed system, it may contribute to achieving the GHG emissions target.

Cognitive and Physical Demands of Using Ergonomic Spinner Knobs

Howell ventures, located in Fredericton, is a leading company in North America for designing and producing driving aids. Driving aids, such as “remote spinner knobs” enable individuals who have physical limitations (due to structural, traumatic, or pathological reasons) who want to maintain their independence by driving their vehicles. The purpose of the study is to identify a remote spinner knob design that reduces cognitive and physical demands while driving.

Characterization of Natural Organic Matter from Various Sources

BioLiNE Corporation is a technology innovator, focused on providing advanced, science-based solutions for sustainable crop production. BioLiNE® products have consistently demonstrated superior results helping farmers grow healthier crops with higher yield and exceptional quality. One of the active ingredients in some of our products is fulvic acid, an extremely complex organic acid produced in nature through the process of humification.

Sulphur dioxide sensor for wine quality control

BarrelWise is focusing on the barrel wine aging process which is labor intensive and is logistically challenging for large wineries with thousands of barrels. Due to wine evaporation through the permeable oak barrels, the aging wine needs to be topped to displace ullage and sulphated to protect the wine from oxidation and microbial spoilage. In addition, sulphur levels in the barrels have to be tracked to ensure sufficient protection to the wine, and guarantee that legislated sulphur levels are not surpassed.

Fatigue characterization of cane and synthetic reeds for alto saxophone

Reeds for woodwind instruments are known to be extremely variable and change significantly with time. This makes it difficult for musicians to find and maintain a reed that performs at a level suitable for their personal preference. In this project, the magnitude of these changing properties will be characterized in both natural cane reeds and synthetic alternatives, thus examining the cost-benefit of supposedly more durable synthetic reeds.

Ultrafast laser nano-structuring in transparent glass: enabling 3D fibre-photonics packaging and assembly for high temperature sensing

This Mitacs project addresses a significant barrier the partner company (Fibos Inc.) is facing with their current customers in manufacturing of fibre optical sensors that can be robust and cost effective for the high temperature and pressure environments. The market is aimed at sensing of rotor assemblies in turbines where electrical and other means of measurement are not directly possible.

Machine learning classification for pump fault and failure detection

This project aims to develop an automated ability capable of detecting faults with pumps. This is referred as “Automated Fault Detection and Diagnosis” (AFDD). Equipment performance begins to worsen throughout time due to various reasons, where these reasons are referred to as “faults”. Generally, there is an understanding of the various faults and causes for equipment failure, but the challenge arises in development of a tool capable of accurately and automatically detecting these issues.

Analysis and Prototype Development of a Drive System and Novel Control Algorithm for Direct Drive Brushless Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors

Brushless permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs) are widely used in many applications including automations, instrumentation, propulsion, vehicular systems, etc. This project is focused on research and development of a modified drive system and novel control algorithms for PMSMs that could improve efficiency and torque performance compared to conventional methods.

Design and development of techniques to characterize optical, mechanical and chemical properties of metallic and semiconductor thin films with applications in MEMS structures and their packaging

Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) are complex systems with sizes in the range of few microns (human hair has thickness of 150-200 microns) which have both mechanical and electronic components. MEMS technology has entered in many industries such as optical technology, point of care diagnostics, telecommunications, automotive, and military. Today, there are hundreds of MEMS devices, e.g. microscale gyroscopes and accelerometers, used in cars to control different components, including wheels, brakes, steering, and air bags.

Development of high precision microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) based vacuum encapsulated resonators

Rapid development of micro-fabrication technology, once considered exclusively for aerospace navigation, is now regarded for a wide range of applications, including autonomous vehicle navigation, underwater and industrial applications. Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)-based gyroscope employs a resonating mass (resonator) to detect changes in motion, which is the central element of the gyroscope. MEMS resonator energy loss is the primary barrier towards achieving navigation-grade precision, so predicting resonators’ vibration characteristics is critical for minimizing energy loss.