Novel RF Coil Design for Parallel MRI of the Breast

This project will be focused on the testing of the performance of a new type of parallel RF coil system that allows for significantly higher signal to noise and imaging performance than currently available coil systems (estimated 3 times higher signal to noise and acceleration of imaging times by a factor of 8-16 times). The coil system which will be tested is a breast imaging coil designed for operation with a 3T GE DVMR imaging platform. The coils to be compared are designed with 8 channel, 16 channel and 32 channel coil arrays.

Enhancement of Control Software Implementation for an Automated Specimen Processing Robotic System

The project aims to enhance design control software that drives an automated specimen processing robotic system. This robotic system automates the processes of biological specimen containers handling and labelling. It is used to increase the productivity of microbiology laboratories and quality of their results. This robotic system controller handles hundreds of specimen containers in a single run. The task requires operating tens of motors simultaneously, which increases the complexity of the controller software significantly.

Wear Analysis for Total Knee Replacements Using the Method of Finite Element Analysis

The wear of polyethylene components in total knee replacements is one of the major factors limiting the longevity and success of knee replacements. The project will use finite element analysis and mathematical wear calculations to model wear in a total knee replacement. The model will then be used to compare the wear rate of conventional polyethylene, normally used in knee replacements to the new highly]cross linked polyethylene which recently became available.

Engineering design and software development for a medical device prototype of Mespere's breakthrough non-invasive central venous pressure monitor.

Mespere Lifesciences Inc. (Waterloo, ON) has developed a technology platform based upon near infrared spectroscopy for non-invasive, real time monitoring of the hemodynamics within central venous blood vessels. The project engineer will help in the development of a beta version of a handheld non-invasive central venous pressure monitor. Mespere currently has a working prototype based on a laptop and the new and clear requirements and execution plan for the development of a final commercial product.

PPB Sensitive Optical Breath Analyser

This internship will enable a very successful collaboration to continue between Alcohol Countermeasure Systems Corp. and Trent University, associated with designing and constructing a new generation of all‐optical breath alcohol sensors. The high‐sensitivity, highselectivity breathalysers that will emerge from this collaboration are expected to become a valued diagnostic tool within many sectors, from professional to recreational.

Diabetes Tele-Monitoring for Older People via the Use of BlackBerries and Tablet PCs

In this project, 10 older patients who have uncontrolled diabetes will use wireless technology including a blood glucose monitor and a Blackberry or a Tablet PC to transmit their blood glucose readings from home to two nurses working at a private homecare company. These patients will transmit their blood glucose readings approximately three times a day during two 3]month phases, the total duration of the study period being 6 months. Throughout, patientsf blood glucose levels will be monitored by the two nurses.

Patient-reported outcomes of individuals living with an implanted cardioverter defibrillator

Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), life‐saving devices that may prevent sudden cardiac death from cardiac arrhythmias, are implanted in people who have had cardiac arrests and increasingly in people with severe heart failure who are at risk for a primary ventricular arrhythmia. The clinical benefits of ICD implantation contrasts with evidence suggesting ICDs may also have untoward effects on recipients’ quality of life and psycho‐emotional status. Yet, the research on ICDs and patient‐reported outcomes is very limited and has produced inconclusive findings.

Lab-on-a-chip Nanosensor for Vitamin Detection

Vitamin deficiencies are one of the key reasons for infant deaths and a variety of diseases for adults including breast cancer, prostate and cervical cancer, rickets, schizophrenic depression, etc. An invention of a low-cost Lab-on-a-Chip (LOC) microfluidic platform for the detection of Vitamin D and Vitamin A would be an answer for the potential multi-billion dollar market around the globe and represents one of the most desperately needed devices to enhance public health and prevent vitamin deficient related diseases.

Quality Assessment of JPEG and JPEG2000 Compressed Medical Images

The goal of this project with Agfa Healthcare, a provider of diagnostic imaging and healthcare IT solutions, is to develop mathematical models for (i) assessment and (ii) improvement of compressed medical images. The rapidly increasing volume of data generated by new imaging modalities (eg CT scanner, MRI) necessitates the use of lossy compression techniques to decrease the cost of storage and improve the efficiency of transmission over networks. Increasing the degree of compression of an image, however leads to decreasing fidelity.

Spatial Listening, Hearing Loss, and Hearing Aids

Normal listeners have a remarkable ability to localize sounds because the brain can analyze the slight differences between the sound waves arriving at the two ears. These different cues are less important when the listener knows where a talker is located, but they are extremely important when speech comes from an unexpected location, as often happens in everyday situations.