Current methods for concentrating (removing water from) food and drinks for their transportation and/or storage rely on thermal or ultraviolet processing that is ultimately detrimental to the food product. This research proposes a novel method to remove the water that is based on forward osmosis, which solely depends on the ability of the draw solution to draw the water from the food across a membrane without the need to use pressure or heat.
Prairie wetlands are intricately linked with climate and hydrology. Future climate change, such as warmer conditions, changes in precipitation amount and intermittency, may both benefit and threaten the wetlands over the Canadian Prairies. During the same time, large-scale land use changes have been occurring such as the conversion of natural wetlands to agriculture lands.
Pharmaceuticals are important to lead the healthy life in the current world. However, continuous and huge use of these pharmaceuticals led to constant release in the environment and in particular in water sources. And also, low absorption and metabolism of pharmaceuticals in humans and animals led to their continuous entry into the environment via feces and urine. These pharmaceuticals are classified as the main class of contaminants of emerging interest (CEI).
This research problem examines the security and resiliency of prairie industrial water supplies in a changing climate. The water-consumptive industries in the Prairie Provinces are a major contributor to the national economy, but they depend on secure and reliable water supplies in a region characterized by dry climate. The most challenging future scenario for these industries, and the prairie economy in general, is a prolonged drought in a warmer climate. The objective of this project is to support planned adaptation to climate change in the Prairie Provinces energy and mining industries.
Global population growth, urbanization and changing climate patterns have increased the demand for potable water, wastewater reuse and value recovery from wastewater, and treatment of industrial process water. Population growth also results in increased demand for the shipping of goods by ocean freight, with the associated risk of the transport of unwanted marine life from one location to another by the discharge of ballast water.
Surface waters typically have high levels of natural organic matter. The reaction of this organics with chlorine, which is generally used for disinfection, results in the formation of carcinogenic chlorine disinfection by-products (DBPs).
The Raincoast Conservation Foundation pursues conservation initiatives in coastal British Columbia through science, outreach, and sustainable economies, such as ecotourism or community-driven fisheries management informed by local knowledge and ecology. The success of wildlife viewing ecotourism greatly depends on knowing areas and time periods predictably used by target species. The goal of the proposed research is to inform initiatives of Raincoast and its ecotourism partners (e.g. Spirit Bear Lodge, Wuikinuxv First Nation, Nimmo Bay Resort) by research on commercially-valuable wildlife.
The proposed research is the second phase in the development of a strategic resource management system with the Metlakatla First Nation. Metlakatla are developing a cumulative effects management (CEM) program to deal with the combined impacts of numerous major industrial projects proposed in Metlakatla traditional territory on British Columbias North Coast. Phase 1 of the of the CEM program focused on identifying and assessing the condition of high-priority Metlakatla valued components (e.g., butter clams, housing supply).
Cities are often located near sources of water such as lakes, rivers, and oceans. Due to their location, the effects of climate change and urbanization will introduce unique challenges to aquatic habitats located within cities. These challenges could range from flooding, extreme wind, ice storm damage, extreme heat events, and drought as well as long term climate changes.
Resource extraction, including mineral exploration and mining, is an important part of Canadas economy. There is currently a great interest in finding the minerals that are needed for batteries; arguably the lack of minerals is the biggest impediment to cutting the price of electric vehicles and weaning society off fossil fuels. Artificial intelligence has great potential in all aspects of minerals exploration.