Les microplastiques et contaminants associés dans l’estuaire et le golfe du Saint-Laurent : caractérisation environnementale, sociale et bioaccumulation ou dépuration chez les bivalves

Ce projet propose de définir les enjeux socio-environnementaux et socio-économiques reliés à la présence de microplastiques (MP) marins dans l’estuaire et le golfe du Saint-Laurent, une région hydrologique complexe sous-étudiée vis-à-vis cette problématique. Ceci permettra d’orienter les décisions visant à protéger l’environnement tout en soutenant les secteurs maritimes, notamment ceux reliés aux ressources marines commerciales.

Cannabis used for medical purposes by children in Canada

Cannabis products are being used for a variety of conditions. In Canada, there are no cannabis products approved for use in children. Without evidence from clinical trials doctors are hesitant to recommend cannabis products for children. In order for doctors to feel confident in advising parents on medical cannabis they need better information on if these products work, how to dose them and long-term safety. Our national collaboration between parents, doctors, researchers, industry and policy makers will study the use of medical cannabis in children.

Identification of heterotic gene pools to accelerate hybrid breeding in Brassica napus (canola) - Year two

Heterosis is a natural phenomenon where offspring (hybrids) outperform their parents in many agronomic traits, although exploited in breeding the mechanisms controlling heterosis remain elusive. Genetic distance between parents has been positively correlated with heterosis, yet does not adequately explain the phenomenon. Dividing lines from any crop into heterotic groups that provide optimal combining ability upon crossing, is one of the most important goals of any hybrid breeding program. The main objective of this proposal is to define the heterotic pools of Brassica napus (canola).

Intelligent Character Recognition (ICR), Optical Character Recognition (OCR) and machine learning based corrections of data transcription from scanned business documents

SS&C processes more than 80% of financial scanned and faxed documents in the US and requires large amount of manual labor in order to map information from a document into another form. Advances in neural networks applied to computer vision have produced text detection and recognition that nears human performance.

The impact of an online remittance channel on the size and frequency of money transfers by international migrants in Canada

International transfer of funds (also known as remittance) plays an important role in the global economy. Existing research has studied the impact of international remittances on economic development, poverty, employment, and education. In developing countries such as Lesotho, remittances constitute 20% - 30% of the gross domestic product (World Bank, 2006). Policy makers worldwide have made an attempt to reduce the historically high cost of international remittances.

Understanding Disengagement from Early Psychosis Intervention Services

While the effectiveness of early psychosis interventions (EPI) for young people with first-episode psychosis has been well-established, research suggests that almost one-third of patients disengage from services. Although lack of family involvement and substance use have arisen as consistent factors associated with EPI disengagement, many other factors remain unexplored. Furthermore, few studies have explored patient and family member perspectives on engagement.

Electro-bioreactor (EBR) upgrading for high ammonium removal

The objective of this project is to build up an electro-biological system of high potential capacity for the removal of ammonium and phosphorus. Conventional biological treatment methods have limited capacity for removal of ammonia at higher concentrations. However, anammox bacteria have a high capacity to remove ammonium. The electro-biological treatment aims to enhance this capacity by electrically activating anammox bacteria on a fixed media.

Pathways for Deep Decarbonization in Cities: Mechanisms, tools and governance structures for transformative climate action

As the urgency for action against climate change increases, local governments around the world are committing to reducing greenhouse gas emissions through deep decarbonization targets. Cities are the largest place-based sources of GHG emissions and therefore have great potential to reduce emissions on a global scale.

Mobilizing Ulukhaktok Traditional Knowledge of the Dolphin and Union Caribou Herd

The Dolphin and Union caribou herd is integral to Inuit culture, subsistence and identity. Preliminary local and scientific knowledge both indicate that this caribou herd is declining and in poorer health than before. We need to bring everyone together and use everything we know about Dolphin and Union caribou, the environment and the other animals to help protect and care for these animals.

Modelling And Experimental Measurement Of Solution Gas / Solvent Dissolution And Exsolution In Heavy Oil

Foamy oil is commonly observed phenomenon during cold primary production of heavy oil reservoirs. Along with the pressure depletion, a type of anomalous flow of oil and gas phases appears when pressure is lower than the thermodynamic saturation pressure. Foamy oil is believed to bring positive effects to heavy oil recovery and well productivity by promoting favored fluid properties and oil swelling. The proposed study focuses on the description of the complex phase behavior of foamy oil systems to examine equilibrium versus non-equilibrium behaviour at different depressurization rates.

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