Ultraviolet-C (UV) light is able to damage cells and organic matter to make water, air, and high touch surfaces safe for the public. UV-C lamps render microorganisms harmless by damaging their cell structure and DNA. UV-C based water treatment has safely been used for decades by water utilities around the world. Recent developments in technology and research have allowed for an even wide application to clean surfaces, air, and water using UV light.
To date, there is a growing attention to the use of plant-food bioactives in disease prevention. Anthocyanin, a colorful plant pigment extracted from purple and blue color fruits and vegetables has been investigated broadly for its cancer preventive and immunity boosting properties. However, anthocyanin degrade during the conventional food processing conditions such as exposure to high temperature and light. Moreover, the benefits of anthocyanin could reduce due to gastric acid and gut enzymes.
Antibiotic therapy has been the primary approach for strep throat. Although various antibiotics, including penicillin, are effective, bacteriologic, and clinical treatment failures have been reported. Patients are more concerned about soothing the pain during the infection, and green/natural drug therapy with less or no adverse side effects are becoming popular. From preliminary studies and literature, carvacrol has been identified as a potential candidate for antibiotic therapy alternatives.
This project aims at developing an innovative technology through the utilization of fish waste as substrates for biosurfactant production. Through the proposed approach, fish waste will be recovered into fishery peptone and being used as a nutrient substrate for the synthesis of biosurfactant products with promising market values. The outcomes of this project will directly provide the fishery industry a new model of fish waste reuse and management by "turning waste into valuable products". It will also help reduce waste discharge and protect the environment.
The present project proposes a new type of antioxidant drug as a way to reduce genetically the probability of appearance of degenerative diseases, e.g. different cancers, Alzheimer’s disease and Atherosclerosis. The general idea is to combine two different types of compounds with antioxidant properties: nanomaterials and certain molecules extracted from a cuban plant with the goal to enhance their biological properties. In other words: if we combine two antioxidants in one, the resultant is even better. To design these new drugs we will use in principle computer modeling.
Newly developed additive manufacturing (AM) techniques, also known as 3D-printing, are able to fabricate complex geometry components at a relatively high deposition rate, the lowest possible number of production cycles, and minimum materials waste in contrast with the conventional subtractive fabrication techniques. By drastic reduction in the fabrication time and production steps, minimizing the on-hold inventory, additive manufacturing technologies have the potential to revolutionize the industrial manufacturing sectors.
Attention is an important part of everyday functioning. We use it to interact with the world around us and take in new information. ‘AttentionTrip’ is a sophisticated tool that allows clinicians and researchers to measure the different components of attention, while it feels like you are playing a videogame. With this tool, we can see how attention changes across age groups, and in the future how it may differ in clinical populations, like people with autism or ADHD. It also allows us to see if treatments being provided to people with attention-issues are actually working.
Solid-state nanopores are tiny holes in thin membranes comparable to the size of individual biomolecules like protein or DNA. They are using as sensors to detect these molecules one at a time, and have the potential to revolutionize DNA sequencing, personalized medicine, point-of-care diagnostics, and next-generation information storage methods, but have not been able to so far due to the high cost and inability to scale of the methods traditional used to fabricate them. We recently developed a method that allows to inexpensive, scalable fabrication of nanopore sensors.
Solar energy generation at commercial and industrial sites has been gaining popularity in recent years. The addition of batteries to existing solar installations can allow for solar to not only be used during the day when the sun is out, but also at night. There however, are various hurdles to this process specifically involving the transparency of the data coming from the solar unit. Several methods have addressed this issue at residential sites and offer promising results.
A sailor needs to obtain real-time information about the status of the sailboat and also derive an accurate approximation of the behaviour of the surrounding environment, in order to safely and successfully sail a boat. We also aim to investigate how providing vital knowledge using an immersive approach will affect the cognitive load on the sailor, thus potentially enhancing efficiency and safety at sea.