The research focuses on the crucial needs for the optimization of biofuel production process. It supports the Canadian energy and environment sectors which are seriously searching for more efficient process, targeting the increasing concern of the society with respect to the fossil fuel energy resources depletion and environmental footprints.
The proposed research project focuses on the development of a novel model for the computation of sea ice parameters in near real- time relying on satellite data. The interdisciplinary team will investigate solutions for high performance computing to monitor sea ice and calculate ice parameters with the high spatial resolution. This project includes R&D activities in sea ice modeling, calculating parameters of ocean interaction with sea ice and designing algorithms for satellite data processing and analysis.
While there is recognition of the value social enterprises can provide for economic development, there is less movement in supporting the emergence and development of sustainable forms of these organizations (Marsland, 2013). The recent focus on social enterprises strengthen the notion that support and incubation of these entities are needed.
There are major areas of uncertainty concerning the exploitation and management of the sea cucumber (C. frondosa) industry in Atlantic Canada. This research project will address these gaps and give stakeholders a better understanding of C. frondosa, in order to make the best possible decisions relative to its management and conservation. The proposed research will also seek to identify concrete ways of optimizing sea cucumber harvesting and production, by increasing the quality, consistency, and competitiveness of the products, and exploring novel commercial avenues.
The objective of the proposed research is to investigate the performance degradation of a full-scale modified NACA 66 section, which is typically used for marine propellers, due to leading-edge (LE) manufacturing tolerances. Two-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations will be carried out for the base section without defect (as designed) and sections with LE defects (as built) which are to be determined based on the ISO 484-1 Standard for propeller manufacture.
Fisheries are an important industry in Canada, particularly in rural communities that depend on marine resources for sustainable economic opportunities. But all fishing imposes environmental costs. In the case of northern fisheries, one cost of concern is the incidental bycatch of seabirds by fisheries. Birds, attracted to bait and discards from vessels, can get ensnared in nets or hooked on longlines.
It has been demonstrated in the previous research that monitoring only one point as the sole region of insulation degradation is not sufficient for operational safety of high-voltage bushings. Therefore, monitoring a wider volume of the high stress region inside the bushing using ECT sensing becomes a necessity for earlier detection of defects. In this project, we will investigate this problem and develop algorithms and prototypes of using microcontroller, sensors and wireless networking technologies for determining the condition of polymer high voltage bushings.
As Executive Director of SmartICE Carolann Harding says, “We are a social enterprise first and foremost, and we take that very seriously. To us, maximizing a positive social impact with our community partners is our top priority.”
Rural physicians are well positioned to conduct impactful community-based research but their research progress is often impeded by scarce funding and a lack of research assistance to bring projects to fruition. These issues are profound in Northern Newfoundland and coastal Labrador (NNCL), some of the most geographically remote areas of the province.
The research will establish a hydrodynamic numerical model of the forces which exert influences on the circulation and the residence time (amount of time water spends in a given body of water) of Lake Melville, Labrador. The study seeks to understand the water properties in the lake, and how the development of nearby hydroelectric projects and climate change affect the oceanography of the lake.