A higher incidence of colon cancer is reported in populations consuming high amounts of red meat, as well as in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, where gut bacteria participate in the development of inflammation. We found that dietary supplementation with heme, an element found at high levels in blood, is detrimental to gut health and it fosters the growth of harmful bacteria. In this project, we propose to establish new procedures for both the manipulation of the gut bacteria (microbiota), as well as its characterization using a new state of the art sequencer.
The year 2017 marks the 375th anniversary of the foundation of the city of Montreal. The Laboratory of Remote Sensing, Department of Geography, Montreal University, and Esri Canada want to take part in the celebrations by offering to the Montreal community an interactive tool illustrating the historical evolution of the city of Montreal. To develop such a tool the establishment of an historical GIS is needed.
Drug use in older persons is a major public health concern. Even though therapeutic drugs are beneficial for patients’ health in terms of survival or quality of life, patients aged >65 years have a greater risk of developing drug-related complications.
Anwesha Pathi is a student of Development Studies at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras, but for 12 weeks this summer, she’s working with grad students, postdocs, and faculty at the Université de Montréal (UdeM), as a Mitacs Globalink research intern. Her project aims to identify and better understand the contextual factors around women’s decisions to seek health care following experiences such as sexual assault outside the domestic arena — subliminal tensions underlying the provision of ethically just and equity-driven health care become apparent.
Developed by an Ontario company, eSight glasses have the potential to help hundreds of thousands of Canadians with severe vision impairment to see better in daily life. The glasses use a real-time camera-to-screen set-up and look much like today’s virtual reality headsets, except they do much more.
Reconstructing the tree of life, which depicts the evolutionary history of today’s existing species, has been a central goal of evolutionary biology ever since Darwin. Each species is composed of a set of genes, which can be grouped into families. The DNA sequences of genes can be used to infer a gene tree for each family, and the species tree can be seen as a “summary” of these gene histories. Therefore one way of inferring a species tree is to merge multiple gene trees into a “supertree”.
Samuel Hybois began his undergraduate career interested in all areas of engineering; however, a class project piqued his interest in biomedical engineering. His home program at École des Mines de Nancy (Université de Lorraine) in France requires each student to complete an internship, and the university had forwarded information about the Globalink Research Internship. Several projects in biomedical engineering appealed to Samuel, and he was eventually matched with a Université de Montréal radiology project, where he worked in the Laboratory of Biorheology and Medical Ultrasonics.
He’s already got a head start on this goal through his work this summer with Professor Vincent Jacquemet at the Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur—part of the Université de Montréal—through Mitacs Globalink Research Internships.
Current commercially available dental resin composites use the monomer BisGMA that uses a toxic bisphenol A (BPA) as the starting material, causing potential environmental and health problems. We aim at replacing BPA with bile acids, natural compounds in the new synthesis of new dental monomers. We are also making new inorganic fillers that provide the strength of the material. The latter is the area of expertise of our collaborators at Donghua University.
The Novaxe gesture toolkit will be developed conjointly between the music faculty of university of Montreal and OMP Music. This project proposes to develop a hardware and software kit for the automatic transcription and evaluation of gestural parameters of the guitar performance. This will be part of the Novaxe project, an online social network virtual environment for guitar learning relying on an innovative notation system and pedagogy developed by the Vandendool Studio over years of teaching experience. Other notation systems and learning environments lack gestural information.