Understanding historical forest landscape dynamics in the Alberta foothills

An emerging strategy for managing natural resources such as Canada's forests more sustainably and responsibly is to use knowledge of how Mother Nature has done it to help guide our hand. This so-called ‘ecosystem-based” approach has gained favour with provincial and federal governments, as well as national and international certification agencies.

Environmental productivity patterns of the Salish Sea

Pacific salmon are important from ecological, economic, social and cultural perspectives, but many species in the Salish Sea have seen drastic decrease in marine survival rate in recent decades, likely linked to reduced survival of the young stages of salmon due to a combination of environmental, food web changes, and human impacts. This activity will provide an ecosystem-level analysis of how the environmental productivity of the Salish Sea has changed in recent decades with focus on the implications this has had for salmon populations in the area.

Ecosystem Services and Food Security for the Lil’wat Nation

The Lil’wat Nation is working to foster community food security by restoring and activating Indigenous knowledge around traditional food systems. Our project examines ‘Ecosystem Services’ approaches as one way to support local food security while also protecting culturally-important environmental services. Led by a Lil’wat Food Committee, this project will engage community members in community planning and visioning exercises that evaluate what future paths for environmental stewardship are the highest priority.

Multi-biomarker test for the management of acute cardiac transplant rejection

The high incidence of acute organ rejection following heart transplantation poses major problems for patients, clinicians, and the healthcare system. A major clinical challenge in this regard arises from the difficulty of accurately

Understanding the root causes of record-breaking production

Recently at one of its mines, the partner has experienced a period of unprecedented production. Through its automated production data gathering systems, huge volumes of data are generated on a moment by moment basis at the mine. The goal of this project is to see whether data from this period hold an understanding of the root factors that led to the high production levels and indicate best practices to be implemented on an ongoing basis. This is a big data analytics project. The project will involve applying data and advanced business analytics approaches to analyze the mine’s production data.

Achieving quality control during veneer drying by using big data statistics

Veneer drying has traditionally been done using a qualitative approach. Although it is effective in assessing how any modification in parameters impacts veneer quality, it often yields a significant loss in quality due to delays involved in reaching the kiln's steady state following parameter modification. However, kilns are now being equipped with various sensors that allow the tracking of many parameters related to both the kiln and the veneers. The research objective is to link raw material characteristics with the veneer drying process.

Novel Cell-surface Engineering Methods to Increase Immune-tolerance of Allogenic Cell Transplantation

Blood transfusion is required for surgery, for the treatment of traumatic accidents and for patients with disorders that require lifelong transfusion therapy. However, when patients receive “mismatched” blood transfusion, their immune system will attack and destroy red blood cells with surface sugars and proteins that differ from their own. This results in massive immune responses in patients, causing shock and even death.

Development of innovative thermal efficient steel studs - Part 2

With the growing demand for energy efficient buildings, conventional steel wall studs are no longer an appropriate choice for exterior walls. Conventional steel studs cause an inordinately high degree of thermal bridging which lowers the energy efficiency of the building. To address this concern, Structa Wire Corporation started the development of an innovative steel stud that replaces the solid steel web in the conventional steel stud with welded wires. The newly proposed steel stud shows promising energy efficiency, by demonstrating a significant reduction in thermal bridging.

Validation of Off-gassing method and Development of Repeatability and Reproducibility of Data for the Iso-thermal Calorimetry (for ISO Standard development)

The key objective of this research is to validate the methodology for measurement of off-gassing from storage of wood pellets as well as development of data on heat generation from wood pellets. Canada is one of the main producer and exporter of wood pellets. 90% of this production belongs to British Columbia. Thus development of ISO standards on off-gassing and self-heating of wood pellets are critical. The rate of off-gassing for a particular biomass traded as commercial products is required to be declared in the MSDS for the product.

Three-dimensional Object Pose Estimation

Estimating poses of three dimensional (3D) objects is of great importance to many high level tasks such as robotic manipulation, scene interpretation and augmented reality. Detecting poorly textured objects and estimating their 3D pose is still a challenging problem. The objective and expected result of this research is to develop a systematic and applicable approach that could detect poorly textured 3D object pose. The proposed method is using state-of-the art deep learning in computer vision.