Reducing dietary acid with fruits and vegetables vs. oral alkali in people with chronic kidney disease (ReDACKD)

This project involves a feasibility trial that is looking at fruit and vegetable delivery as a treatment for metabolic acidosis

Immunomodulation by Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy (LITT) in mouse brain

Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy (LITT) is a minimally invasive neurosurgical procedure that uses an MRI-guided laser fiber for selective heat destruction of brain tumors. LITT is the only option for patients with inoperable brain tumors. LITT causes prolonged opening of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-tumor barrier (BTB) which allows immune cells to passage from the blood into the brain and brain tumor tissues. This ability of LITT to induce a temporary leakiness of the BBB/BTB may offer new applications of LITT in immunotherapy.

Printing Ideas: Prototyping Interior Design Solutions with 3D Printers

This research attempts to find the best 3D printing technology and 3D printing material (filament) that matches with a local urban community’s demand for customized interior design solutions, including furniture, tailored walls, personalized partitions, lamps and decorative elements. By investigating proper hardware and technology for public use, this research will foster the culture of creativity and will help communities find 3D printable solutions to improve the quality of their built environment.

The impact of women-led market networks on the sustainability of global fish

My proposed project intends to investigate the export of dagaa (dried fish) from the African Great Lakes to Canada. My research examines the ecological impacts, the consumption patterns, and sustainability of both ends of the dried fish value chain. This builds on my doctoral research which looked at the sustainability of fisheries-based livelihoods on Lake Tanganyika. Now I wish to expand this to Lake Victoria, the borders of which are shared by Tanzania, Congo, Uganda and Kenya, and to include in the analysis, the economic activities of sub-Saharan African migrants to Canada.

Clustering Methods for Creating Student Motivation Subgroups

With hundreds of students enrolled in each public elementary or secondary schools in Canada, can the same strategy be applied to address the needs of a diverse student population to motivate them to be their best selves? This may be difficult, after all, we are humans characterized by our uniqueness. Therefore, educators and decision-makers may utilize clustering students into sub-groups which share the same motivational characteristics.

Development of an intelligent ball bearing with self-sensing and self-powering capabilities

Bearings are typically located in the heart of all rotating applications, with rotational speeds, forces, and vibrations impacting them somehow. Due to various reasons, such as fatigue, bearings encounter abrupt operation failure that damages surrounding components. In some applications, such as wind turbines and high-speed trains, it is expensive to replace the bearing and other damaged parts, despite the threat to humans’ lives. Since condition monitoring requires expensive sensors, many small industries still use conventional methods like run-to-break.

Software development for composite structures health monitoring

Composite structures are very popular in industries due to their lightweight and high strength. They degrade and cause huge economic losses or even serious disasters. Structure health monitoring has a great significance in the operation and maintenance of industrial assets. Current commercial software for structural health monitoring uses traditional and common methods which are only effective in constant loading conditions and require a large amount of historical data to train models. The intern has developed an unsupervised structural damage detection technique.

Investigating practical treatment processes to reuse wastewater effluent for irrigation and chemical treatment purposes at the Town of Altona, Manitoba

The Town of Altona is interested in reusing the wastewater effluent discharged from its aerated lagoons for irrigation or chemical treatment. The current wastewater effluent will be tested and its characteristics determined. Advanced wastewater treatment processes will be investigated to treat the aerated lagoon effluent, and the suitable process able to meet the federal and provincial guidelines for irrigation or spraying for chemical treatment will be identified, tested and recommended for such purpose for the Town of Altona.

Near Infrared Based Cerebral Autoregulation Monitoring in Moderate/Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Physiologic Correlates and Outcome Association

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the world’s leading causes of death and disability, leading to over 500 billion Canadian dollars in societal costs annually. Impaired blood flow to the brain has be recently identified as a main cause for ongoing brain damage after TBI. Control of brain blood flow is termed cerebral autoregulation (CA). Our ability to accurately measure CA in patients at the bedside in the intensive care unit (ICU), is limited to invasive techniques that require neurosurgery expertise and carry risk.

Spatial variation in the foraging and nutritional ecology of Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) in the Kivalliq region

This research project will examine the diets of two geographically separate populations of Arctic char in proximity to the communities of Rankin Inlet and Naujaat, Nunavut. Using methods of stomach content, stable isotope, and highly branched isoprenoid analysis, we will determine whether the diets differ between the two separate populations. In addition, we will explore multiple quantitative and qualitative methods such as chromatography and the use of colour palettes to determine whether Arctic char diet has an influence on their flesh colour.