Modern electric power systems are complicated, large-scale dynamical systems that need specialized tools and techniques for their computer modeling and simulation. This is due to the unprecedented penetration of renewable energy sources and use of high-frequency power electronic converters. This proposal aims to develop algorithms and methods for co-simulation of modern power systems using dynamic phasor and electromagnetic transient (EMT) type simulators.
The Freshwater Oil Spill Remediation Study (FOReST) project will use small contained oil spills in enclosed environments within a lake to study examine the effectiveness of shoreline cleanup procedures and potential ecological impacts of oil spills. The resilience of freshwater aquatic ecosystems to recover from a spill will also be examined. We will examine the ability of bacterial communities to respond to the introduction of oil and biodegrade petroleum compounds.
Many alternate treatment options are now used to alleviate chronic intestinal inflammation and microbial imbalance including dietary supplements of prebiotics and probiotics. Resistant starch (RS) represents a range of indigestible dietary carbohydrates passing into the lower gut, without being digested/absorbed in the upper digestive tract. It is speculated that RS can reduce signs and symptoms of intestinal inflammation through modification of the gut microbial communities, regulation of local inflammatory cytokines, and its effects on mucosal barrier system.
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest family of membrane proteins and are involved in various disease including hypertension and airway diseases. With >30% of the prescription drugs targeting GPCRs, they have immense therapeutic importance. The detection of antibodies against GPCRs in these diseases has been a challenging task due to the lack of efficient detection assays, which are easy to use and economically available. The company Acudex has a long-term interest in the development of GPCR assays for autoimmune diseases.
We intend to create a novel mixed physical and virtual environment for use in resident education and surgical pre-planning. Our goal is to improve patient safety and amplify training and planning regimes with technology adjunctive to classic apprenticeship or cadaver-based education. To achieve this, we propose the creation of a mixed simulation paradigm expanding on our previous work with printed and virtual simulation where the effective elements of both simulations are combined.
Conventional power systems are based upon ac voltages and currents. Connecting these systems is a simple matter and is done using transformers. Modern power systems wherein renewable energy sources are increasingly deployed often include dc voltages and currents. Connecting these systems is more challenging as conventional transformers will not be applicable. The proposed research is aimed at investigating and evaluating options for linking and interconnecting dc power systems. Power electronics is the enabling technology for achieving dc system interconnections.
The widespread use of phasor measurement units (PMUs) in power-grids can greatly enhance state-estimation (SE) by making use of accurate, GPS time-stamped synchronous phasor measurements. Unlike conventional SCADA measurements which are reported every 4 seconds, synchro-phasor measurements are typically available as frequently as 30-60 measurements per second. While the availability of more measurements can provide accurate state estimates in real-time, the sheer amount of data can overwhelm the computational capabilities of most data processing systems.
Bulk storage of energy is a relatively new concept in many power systems. Among various energy storage media, batteries have shown great promise as a suitable option for use in power systems. Integrating a battery energy storage system in a power grid is not a trivial task and requires extensive studies to ensure that the system is able to respond satisfactorily to its surroundings variable conditions and deliver what is expected of it.
The TransX Group of Companies is Canadas largest privately owned transportation company. Its mission is to provide integrated transportation solutions to businesses throughout North America. In the fall of 2017, the Winnipeg office of TransX discovered that diesel fuel tanks for their long-haul refrigeration units contained a sludge-like, microbial biofilm and that the fuel filters from these tanks to the generators running the refrigeration compressors were becoming clogged. Dr. David Levin, in the Department of Biosystems Engineering at the University of Manitoba.
The research project aims to develop new computer models for accurate representation of battery energy storage systems that are used in modern power systems. In particular state-of-the-art modular multi-level converters with integrated dc-dc converters will be considered. The models to be developed will provide high levels of accuracy and feature low computational intensity so that study of battery systems that are integrated into the grid using advanced converter systems becomes feasible on present-day computing systems.