Emulsifiers, specifically diacylglycerides and monoacylglycerides, have the potential to replace fats and oils high in saturated fats such as palm and thus provide healthy and low-caloric food products. Canola based DAGs and MAGs not only can reduce the saturated fat content and food calories, they also can improve the functionalities of food products. However, they are produced using costly and environmentally unfriendly enzyme in solvent systems, and have shortcomings when utilized in certain food applications.
As the consumption of cigarettes declines in North America and Europe market, a company that specializes in manufacturing specialty papers is seeking new opportunities with its natural fiber productions. This research intends to identify new market trends and opportunities for natural fibers in the competitive environment; provide a comprehensive analysis in worldwide natural fiber industries; and to develop strategies by applying marketing segmentation strategy and differentiation strategy to respond to the market.
With increased emphasis on water quality in the Lake Winnipeg watershed, more stringent guidelines for wastewater effluents are being implemented. Smaller municipalities and remote communities, with limited financial resources, will be facing regulatory pressures, particularly around discharge of phosphorus, as well as micropollutants such as estrogens, pharmaceuticals and pesticides. To ensure the release of high quality wastewater effluents post-lagoon treatment technologies such as subsurface filtration systems are being employed for enhanced removal of pollutants.
This research will investigate Wide Area Measurement based controllers for improving stability in systems with HVDC and FACTS devices embedded in AC networks. The approach will extend the candidates Ph.D. research which introduced a new method that is always able to guarantee improved damping of all modes in the face wide changes in the network. The approach will lead to controller designs which are robust against configuration or operating point changes, or communication loss.
Seizures are rare while dreaming in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. New research, however, suggests seizures may rebound during unstable REM sleep. This may be due to brain wiring (connectivity) since a highly connected brain is more prone to seizures, and connectivity changes from wakefulness to sleep. Brainwave tracings (EEG) can generate connectivity maps (connectomes) but adequate connectome resolution requires many EEG electrodes (high density EEG). This study uses high density EEG to examine brain connectomes and seizure susceptibility in unstable REM sleep.
Riverview Health Centre (RHC) plans to renovate their special care units and grounds, which accommodate 60 residents with intermediate and advanced stages of dementia. The main purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the renovations on residents, family and staff using a multi-methods research approach and a multi-disciplinary team of researchers (i.e., architecture, sociology, kinesiology, clinical psychology, pharmacy, nutrition, nursing, and health sciences).
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), also known as glioblastoma and grade IV astrocytoma, is the most common and most aggressive cancer that begins within the brain. There is no clear way to prevent the disease. Typically treatment involves surgery after which chemotherapy and radiation therapy is used. The medication Temozolomide (TMZ) is frequently used as part of chemotherapy. Cholesterol lowering drugs (statins) is recently being considered as a novel and safe approach for combination therapies in many cancers.
The proposed study will develop seismic design guidelines for retrofitting deficient concrete bridge columns with sprayed fiber reinforced plastic (FRP). Seismically deficient bridge columns (with different aspect ratios and transverse reinforcement ratios) retrofitted with composites will be tested under reverse cyclic loading. The tests will determine various damage states in terms of strain and drift.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes both Crohn’s disease (CD), and ulcerative colitis (UC). Approximately 230,000 Canadians are affected by these diseases and they have important repercussions on quality of life and on both personal and societal direct and indirect costs. The cause(s) are poorly understood, and treatment is largely symptom-based and not curative. Commonly used drugs may have potentially important adverse effects such as cancer and serious infections. Moreover, some patients are resistant to these drugs. Therefore, safer and more efficient therapies are needed.
According to the Canadian Institute for Health Information, many of Canada's increasing aging population experience physical and cognitive impairments that necessitate moving to a care facility, with 44% of these residents having or indicating symptoms of depression. Social isolation is a contributor; 22-42% of these residents reported feeling severe loneliness. Video chat sessions have been found to be valuable augments to in-person visits. However, for adults with impairments such as dementia, operating the associated technologies might be impossible.