Aubigny is a small rural community where individuals are responsible for their septic systems. Being smaller lots and close to the Red River, the potential for environmental damage such as soil, surface and ground pollution could be there. If suitable wastewater treatment system could be installed in this community then there would also be potential for more residential development. The project will determine the feasibility of creation of a sustainable wastewater treatment system that could work for such a community and ensure environmental sustainability there.
Detailed assessments of water and nutrient dynamics in grasslands and its relationship to land management are scarce in the Canadian Prairies. The impact of climate change on these dynamics is even more uncertain. The purpose of this project is to address this knowledge gap by estimating the impact of climate change on water cycling, nutrient dynamics, and management practices in pasture landscapes in Manitoba. The intern in this project will use desktop custom models and state-of-the-art hydrological models to address this research question.
Rail transit and freight rail properties apply rail grinding to maintain rail condition and ensure satisfactory performance of rail infrastructure systems. The proposed research investigates and applies a variety of computationally intelligent algorithms to establish useful relationships between rail corrugation, noise generation, and vibration. These relationships will support more timely and effective rail grinding interventions. The algorithms will process real-world rail corrugation, noise, and vibration data collected from three rail transit properties in North America.
Environmental scientists examining large-scale ecosystem processes (e.g., climate change, contaminant effects) are increasingly charged with collecting high-quality data on a more rapid timeline and extending the application of that data spatially and temporally. IISD Experimental Lakes Area (IISD-ELA) is a field research station comprised of 58 pristine lakes and their watersheds. This area has been set aside exclusively for research to influence environmental policy and regulations in favour of protecting Canada’s freshwater resources.
Roquette, the fifth largest global producer of food ingredients, is building the world's largest pea processing plant in Manitoba. Pea protein is a plant-based alternative to animal protein. Pea starch is a secondary by-product. Both pea protein and ‘resistant’ starch may aid the control of blood sugars. The objective of this clinical study is to compare the effects of pea protein versus pea resistant starch, singly and in combination, on blood glucose control, metabolic parameters, and the profile of gut microbes in individuals with type 2 diabetes.
Implementation of alternative fuel technologies for public transportation modes stems from increasing environmental concerns, technological improvements, and increasing demand for autonomous transportation, which is well exhibited by recent trends to replace diesel buses with battery electric buses (e-bus). Yet, scheduling and operational planning of electric vehicle (EV)-based transit modes is challenging due to additional considerations for energy consumption models and driving modes.
The objective of this project is to establish a long-term study on the ecology of grassland songbirds in the Waterton Park Front Area (just outside of Waterton National Park), Alberta. The student will examine how different grazing regimes and other management actions influence birds. Fieldwork, which will occur from approximately May to July each year, will involve bird surveys, vegetation monitoring, and interacting with a variety of stakeholders. The Nature Conservancy of Canada will benefit by learning how different management strategies on their properties influence grassland songbirds.
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is associated with a reduced quality of life and an increased risk of kidney failure, cardiovascular events, and all-cause mortality. The goal of this project is to investigate whether the consumption of resistant potato starch (RPS) in addition to current standard care for CKD will reduce uremic toxins and symptoms by altering gut microbiota in patients with CKD. Strategies to reduce the production of these toxins by the gut microbiome in patients with CKD are highly desirable because they may lead to reduced symptoms and delay the onset of dialysis.
Increasing demand for more reliable electric power requires advanced monitoring systems that prevent equipment failure and outages. The existing technologies used for monitoring the voltage and the electric field in the vicinity of the high voltage devices are bulky and expensive. On the other hand, maintenance of the monitoring devices requires specific safety precautions. In this research project, a small and inexpensive electric/magnetic field sensor is proposed. They are passive and require no source of power.
In cold regions, freezing temperatures impede construction activities or put them on hold until warmer seasons, as concreting activities under such conditions are quite challenging. This leads to considerable socioeconomic losses. This research will advance the current knowledge on cold weather concreting, which is a critical issue for Canada and other cold regions.