Studies related to the gut-lung axis have spiraled in the recent year, especially with current challenges related to COVID-19. The role of an optimal microbiome status for a well-functioning immune system is now emerging as a crucial factor to protect against immune-deregulation and infection in sites distant from the intestine. Therefore, this project aims to study the potential role of microbiota-driven immune changes in the gut-lung axis by administration of egg protein hydrolysates from eggshell membranes.
Promoting the use of renewable energy such as biogas produced from organic waste is one of the main alternatives to achieve more sustainable development strategies. Anaerobic Digestion (AD) is an efficient and proven technology, which can be employed to convert Organic Waste to Biogas, and to reduce global methane emissions. The main objective of this research is to determine the feasibility and optimize the performance of the application of renewable natural gas as an alternative stripping medium to alleviate the technical issues due to ammonia toxicity in AD of poultry manure.
Simulation is a critically important enabler for the scalable verification and testing of Internet-of-Things (IoT) systems. There has been considerable research in recent years on developing IoT simulators. The existing research nevertheless does not adequately address the optimization of simulators for the competing objectives that one typically has to contend with, e.g., in terms of costs and resources.
While the use of “big data” in the business world and health sector is well underway, mental health services are slower to use their big data, particularly for research and decision-making purposes. Researchers have identified a need to explore the use of big data in mental health organizations, such as identifying strategies and tools to optimize data use, and examining the role of big data in mental health service delivery and policy development.
Gnowit is an Ottawa-based information services company that employs artificial intelligence and machine learning to automate the process of monitoring web sources at scale to provide real-time briefings and notifications for the purposes of competitive intelligence, evidence-based policy research and media monitoring. The company currently monitors more than 40 thousand web sources and generates atleast 1.2 million fully analysed documents daily.
Karine Coen-Sanchez’ research draws on unscrambling anti-racism to reinforce policies and structures in universities, schools, and in teaching methods to provide the space for Black and racialized students to integrate and increase High School Graduation and Post-Secondary Participation, and remove Barriers to Career Advancement for Marginalized Groups. Karine Coen-Sanchez’ research goal is to narrow the gap between the need for academic research and community impact.
The polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), a multi-factorial heterogeneous syndrome with complex pathologies, affects up to 10% of women of reproductive age and accounts for 75% of anovulatory infertility. The annual costs of PCOS and associated infertility in Canada are staggering and are estimated to be $450M. Tissue-residing stem cells play important roles in the regulation of various physiological and pathological processes, through self-renewal, differentiation and cell-cell communication to maintain tissue homoeostasis and mediate repair and regeneration.
As part of the Optical Satellite Communications Consortium (OSC) and in partnership with Satellite Canada Innovation Network (SatCan), this two and a half year project will build towards developing a new Technology Roadmap for emerging optical technologies applicable for future satellite communications (SatCom) developed in Canada.
Saffron (Crocus sativus) is considered the most expensive spice in the world, costing between $500 and $5000 USD per pound. It is one of the most highly regarded and highest value botanical plants in the world and is a recognized natural health product. It is traditionally used for different health conditions, including sexual dysfunction, depression and mood disorders, cancer, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), baldness, asthma cough, and weight loss.
The main objective of this project is to develop a sustainable line of saffron products to ensure limited waste and maximum health benefits.
Dopamine and noradrenaline are neurotransmitters that are released from neurons located in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus. Therefore, these brain structures have the unique property of containing high concentrations of neuromelanin, a dark pigment that can be visualized with specialized MRI sequences. The neuromelanin-sensitive MRI signal has been used to visualize degeneration of these neurons. Recent work has shown that this signal can also serve as a proxy measure for long-term imbalance in activity of these neurotransmitter systems.