The proposed research investigates an opportunity of developing renewable bio-based diesel fuel as an alternative to petroleum based fuel to lower the emission of greenhouse gases. High temperature pyrolysis of wood chips will be investigated in multi-stage pyrolysis and fluidized bed system and the quality of liquid oil will be compared for diesel substitution.
The general aim of this proposal is to discover new natural products with antibacterial activity of relevance to companion animal health. While numerous discoveries of natural products have been made, the rate of discovery of new natural products has declined in recent years. The strategy outlined in this project aims to provide a streamlined approach to the discovery of new bioactive natural products. Nautilus Biosciences is the partner organization that will benefit directly from this project.
The current project seeks to develop an understanding of the process of startup organization process by examining the individual, team, and contextual characteristics that will lead to the success of a startup organization. Despite the importance of each variable, most of the literature has focused on individual characteristics, ignoring the importance of the team as a whole and the context of the organization. The goal of this internship is to create an evidence-based assessment tool that will evaluate a startup based on the aforementioned characteristics.
Nearly 20% of all piercings lead to local infection, and therefore, it is imperative to develop alternative and commercially-viable methods of piercing aftercare to prevent infection. The general objective of the proposed project is to optimize the design of drug-eluting bio-absorbable scaffolds for human and animal tissue piercing applications with a focus on scaffold degradation and drug release properties. Methods of low temperature fabrication of drug-eluting bio-absorbable scaffolds will be developed and optimized.
Various methods have been developed to extract compounds from fruits, vegetables, and seeds. Subcritical and supercritical extractions are the most promising techniques with high output qualities and high cost efficiencies. Running the systems at different pressures and temperatures, the essential bi-product can be extracted from the natural compounds matrix. In addition to their effectiveness, the subcritical and supercritical extraction systems are environmentally friendly processes.
Industrial robots have set important milestones in the era of automated manufacturing by carrying out dangerous and repeatable tasks in the place of humans for over half a century. In this century, professional and mobile service robots are going to play the key role as human counterparts and caregivers in both industrial and daily-life setting.
Human activity in PEI contributes to over 90% of nitrates in island waterways. These nitrates are responsible for the growth of plants and algae including sea lettuce that chokes ponds and waterways, discolor water and create an anoxic event, which is harmful to the marine ecosystem. The proposed research investigates an integrated process for the conversion of sea lettuce into hydrochar and biogas with recycling of nutrients that could justify the harvesting of sea lettuce.
Norman called up his friend Mark Nathan, a cardiologist.
“We put our heads together to develop the concept further,” said Dr. Nathan. “We were inspired by the idea of a cardiac stent, which is a sterile device used in heart surgery to allow arterial blood flow in patients with heart disease. Stents are different in all the important respects from what we had in mind, however; as with stents, we wanted to create sleeve-like scaffolds that can wrap around a stud, contain and release effective medication, dissolve predictably, and disappear.”
The proposed research project aims to optimize the conditions for Carbon dioxide eXpanded Liquid Extraction (CXLE) which uses liquefied Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and ethanol as co-solvents for extraction of compounds from natural sources. Design alterations will be implemented to a Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE) unit at the partner organization (BioFoodTech) to perform CXLE and further increase the extraction amount as well as extraction rate.
Colostrum is the initial secretion from the mammary gland after parturition and it is a crucial source of immunity and nutrition for
newborn calves. Because of the placental barrier to immunoglobulin transfer in ruminants, colostrum provides the neonate with
immunoglobulins (mainly IgG) essential for passive immunity that plays a key role in the prevention of respiratory and digestive
infections in newborn calves. Colostrum macronutrients (lipids, proteins and carbohydrates) are vital metabolic fuels for newborn
calves in the first days of life.