Flax seed is of interest as a health food product with high omega-3 fatty acid, protein and fiber content. The seeds naturally contain compound that are anti-nutritive and have a bitter flavor. We have developed a process to safely and cheaply remove these compounds from whole flax seed. We intend to investigate the nutritive qualities, flavor, and shelf life of this flax seed and to scale up the process for commercial use. We will develop recipes for the seed and process co-products.
The Workplace Safety and Insurance Board of Ontario reports that the masonry rate group cost per insurance claim is 2.44 times that if all other construction class rate groups. Manual lifting of concrete masonry units is required for masonry construction, and the pay masons receive is often commensurate with the number of units laid per day. Researchers have shown that, when lifting concrete masonry units, lower back compression forces in masons exceed the specific safe action limit despite the fact that the manual lifting load cutoff is not exceeded.
Beer has been brewed since the dawn of civilization and is composed of only 4 simple ingredients: hops, water, toasted barley (called malt) and yeast. Yeast are the factories that convert chemicals in the starting materials to ethanol and flavors. Not all yeast are the same; over the millennia selection of specific yeast strains for specific brewing purposes has force the yeast to ‘evolve’ changing their genetic composition. For example, yeast used to make ales have a different genetic composition to those used to make lagers.
With the growth in demand for electric vehicles and mobile devices powered by rechargeable lithium batteries, demand for lithium is expected to increase by over 200% in the next decade. Current lithium production comes primarily from Australia, South America and China. There are significant lithium reserves in the same Saskatchewan aquifers currently being exploited for their concomitant oil reserves.
In response to COVID-19 in Canada, demand for sanitizer products has increased dramatically. Health Canada has relaxed guidelines for sanitizers meant for consumers and maintained the regulation for medical grade ethanol in healthcare settings. In response to the increased demand and relaxed guidelines, organizations in the ethanol supply chain have been producing sanitizer products. The supply chains for sanitizer ingredients has been thoroughly disrupted. There is a need for medical-grade ethanol, and the reduction of impurities in consumer sanitizers will also benefit the public.
Canada is the fourth largest barley producer and the second largest malt exporter in the world, representing billions of dollars in domestic and international sales. Typically, barley is utilized as animal fodder, as a nutritional supplement for healthy foods and is also used in the production of alcoholic beverages and distilled spirits. The ethanol produced for alcoholic beverages can also be utilized in the production of petroleum products. Interestingly, ethanol production often results in significant amounts of thin stillage by-product.
Canada’s northern communities are particularly vulnerable to infectious disease because of social determinants of health plus their widespread harvesting of wildlife. The current COVID-19 pandemic is of particular concern to northern peoples and governments since their food security and livelihood needs are often directly dependent on the human-animal interface, at which COVID-19 can transmit in both directions.
Proper education and training are necessary to ensure young drivers have the appropriate knowledge and skills to drive safely. The current Saskatchewan Government Insurance (SGI) graduated licensing program has education components and some in-car practice sessions, however, data shows that many young drivers are still involved in accidents due to a lack of experience driving in difficult or challenging situations.