Identifying the drivers of polar bear-human interactions

Polar bears are curious, and that curiosity often leads them into conflict with people. Park and wildlife managers across the Arctic need to understand why polar bears approach people and whether they do so because of human activities, a lack of sea ice, or a combination of both of these factors. Currently, this is not known, which makes it hard to plan how to prevent conflicts between polar bears and people; especially with sea ice conditions changing rapidly as a result of a warming Arctic climate.

Investigation of Proteomic Changes Following Chilling Exposure in Resistant and Sensitive Zea Mays

A plants’ ability to withstand chilling and frost damage will dictate the geography in which production can occur. Global warming is predicted to increase chilling and frost injury in crops. It is important to note that frost injury is one of the key factors limiting production. In corn, chilling injury is an ongoing constraint for global production and expansion which affects food, feed and fuel supplies. Corn is an important model system as it is the largest crop, on a tonnage basis, produced in the world.

Proteome analysis of field versus chamber acclimated winter wheat and rye crowns

The most critical region for winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) winter survival is the crown. Exposure to different environmental cues during cold acclimation improves the crown’s resistance to freezing. This key fact is not taken into account in the design of controlled environment experiments and may not reflect actual mechanisms of cold hardiness in the field. Acclimation to multiple environmental cues under fall field conditions could explain the improved freezing survival of field as opposed to chamber acclimated plants.

Examination of key nutrition, health, environmental, and welfare issues in swine to improve sustainability and societal acceptance of pork production

In order to remain competitive, pig producers must continually evolve to address current and emerging challenges to the Canadian swine industry. The Prairie Swine Centre has developed a multidisciplinary research program aimed at addressing key issues within the swine industry related to environment, society, safety, and sustainability.

Enhancing the abiotic and biotic oxidation of manganese for cold groundwater biofiltration

Manganese (Mn) affects the flavour and colour of water, and causes scaling in pipes, even at low concentrations. Groundwater is a crucial water resource in Saskatchewan and is often naturally rich in Mn. Strong demands for securing clean water have arisen in a variety of public and industrial sectors. The study’s objective is to accelerate Mn removal from cold groundwater by taking advantage of the potential synergetic effects of combining abiotic and biotic Mn oxidation at low temperatures using Mn-oxide-coated anthracite and cold-adapted, Mn-oxidizing microbial consortia.

Drift wave turbulence in the presence of neoclassical forces

Hot plasmas are common throughout the universe, and generally exist in highly turbulent states. Turbulence, and the related anomalous (turbulent) transport, remains a great challenge of classical physics. This poses a substantial issue for the understanding of fundamental phenomena (magnetic dynamo, space and solar activity), and the development of efficient plasma devices (spacecraft thrusters, plasma processing devices, fusion reactors). The long-term objective of this research is to explain and predict the turbulent behavior and transport of magnetically confined fusion plasmas.

International students explore U of S with Mitacs

After earning her undergraduate degree at Beijing China Agricultural University, Liu decided she wanted to explore a frostier environment for the next phase of her academic career.

“It’s kind of ridiculous, but I’d heard people saying it can turn to minus 30 or even 40 in the winter (in Saskatoon) and I really wished I could see those piles of snow,” Liu said, laughing.

Saskatchewan to battle absenteeism rates by linking health & wellness to productivity

Professor Lorna Butler and her team at the University of Saskatchewan’s College of Nursing and the International Centre for Northern Governance and Development aim to address this issue through a research partnership with the International Mineral Innovation Institute (IMII) and Mitacs’ Accelerate program.

Cyclodextrin-based ordered polymeric frameworks and investigation of their gas uptake properties and applications

This research will be focused on the development of cross-linked framework materials which contain ?-cyclodextrin (?-CD) and bifunctional cross-linker units at variable composition. Several questions will be addressed: i) the role and relative contribution of multi-functional adsorption sites (inclusion vs. non-inclusion) of the framework material, ii) the role of framework structure and composition on permanent porosity and surface area effects.

Chemistry and physics research to improve drinking water in remote communities

After a rigorous exam, she was accepted into the École Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles de la Ville de Paris. The school encourages its students to pursue research internships domestically and abroad, and after completing an internship in the United States, Clémentine was curious about pursuing further research abroad.

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