Modern air seeders in their simplest form involve an air supply system that receives granular product (seed and fertilizer) from a large holding tank, propels the product through several distribution lines, and delivers the product to the soil. Currently the conveying air runs faster than is usually required to reduce the risk of plugging. However, this results in wasted power in the air supply system, and also wasted inputs through either damage or misplacement.
The objective of this research will be to evaluate the ability of a rebar coating strategy to resist chloride induced corrosion and to test its efficacy in mitigating concrete corrosion in potash mill environments. This research project involves a collaboration between academics and the potash industry under the guidance of the International Mineral Innovation Institute (IMII). The academic research team will be able to supply the partner organizations with highly trained HQP with expertise in corrosion and materials science.
Canada is the largest producer of flax in the world and the demand for flax is expected to increase significantly due to its proven health benefits. At the same time, the number of flax breeding programs in Western Canada has recently decreased from three programs to just one breeding program. The producer funded Saskatchewan Flax Development Commission (SaskFlax) is contemplating an expansion of flax breeding activity to address the deficit.
The research includes the development of a device that will measure the water content in soils. This device will be pushed into the soil and will provide a reading related to the volume of water stored within the soil. The device senses the dielectric properties of the soil, properties that are strongly controlled by the volume of water within the soil. The device is advanced into the soil using a conventional geotechnical engineering investigative test called a cone penetration test.
BNTrading Inc., located in Alberta, is interested in developing a more efficient form (block) of densified feed material compared to small-size cubes and pellets currently available. This new form of densified material is to provide an easier handling, storage, and transportation. The target is firstly to convert the pellet or cube forms to block in trials. If there is a possibility of this transformation to blocks, the work will be conducted for the conversion of these conventional densified feed to feed blocks. Otherwise, the crushed form of feed will be used for production of feed blocks.
Polar bears are curious, and that curiosity often leads them into conflict with people. Park and wildlife managers across the Arctic need to understand why polar bears approach people and whether they do so because of human activities, a lack of sea ice, or a combination of both of these factors. Currently, this is not known, which makes it hard to plan how to prevent conflicts between polar bears and people; especially with sea ice conditions changing rapidly as a result of a warming Arctic climate.
A plants ability to withstand chilling and frost damage will dictate the geography in which production can occur. Global warming is predicted to increase chilling and frost injury in crops. It is important to note that frost injury is one of the key factors limiting production. In corn, chilling injury is an ongoing constraint for global production and expansion which affects food, feed and fuel supplies. Corn is an important model system as it is the largest crop, on a tonnage basis, produced in the world.
The most critical region for winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) winter survival is the crown. Exposure to different environmental cues during cold acclimation improves the crowns resistance to freezing. This key fact is not taken into account in the design of controlled environment experiments and may not reflect actual mechanisms of cold hardiness in the field. Acclimation to multiple environmental cues under fall field conditions could explain the improved freezing survival of field as opposed to chamber acclimated plants.
In order to remain competitive, pig producers must continually evolve to address current and emerging challenges to the Canadian swine industry. The Prairie Swine Centre has developed a multidisciplinary research program aimed at addressing key issues within the swine industry related to environment, society, safety, and sustainability.
Manganese (Mn) affects the flavour and colour of water, and causes scaling in pipes, even at low concentrations. Groundwater is a crucial water resource in Saskatchewan and is often naturally rich in Mn. Strong demands for securing clean water have arisen in a variety of public and industrial sectors. The studys objective is to accelerate Mn removal from cold groundwater by taking advantage of the potential synergetic effects of combining abiotic and biotic Mn oxidation at low temperatures using Mn-oxide-coated anthracite and cold-adapted, Mn-oxidizing microbial consortia.