Bridge inspection and lab testing for determining performance of concrete bridges

This research work will collect data from various concrete bridges to determine the structural heath of the bridges. These data will be analysed, and a report will be provided to MEDA Engineering & Technical Services with recommendation on rehabilitation and strengthening actions needed for various components of these bridges. This research project will also develop a new strengthening technique for bridge girders that are weak in transferring shear load. A postdoctoral fellow will be hired to execute this project with the supervision of Dr.

Development of the Social Acoustic Metrics for Aircraft Noise Annoyance to Facilitate the Management of Community Expectations

The proposed research will report and deliver a critical review of the current and relevant studies on community annoyance and human health impacts due to noise related to airport and aircraft operations. It will also investigate, identify and analyse the relevant factors, other than the traditional noise metrics (eg., LDN, CNEL, Leq, etc.), associated with community noise annoyance.

Assessing habitat-dependent variation in distribution and abundance of aquatic Invertebrates in Alberta wetlands

This study examines the effect of human footprint and habitat characteristics on aquatic invertebrate abundance and distribution among wetlands across the province of Alberta.

Design and optimization of topography based customizable mini-scleral contact lenses

Cornea disorder diseases, like keratoconus, are characterized by progressive thinning and distortion of the apical cornea that leads to complex optical aberrations due to either irregular astigmatism or corneal scarring. For patients with irregular cornea, corneal contact lenses no longer fit and become intolerable with discomfort. In such cases, scleral and mini-scleral (MS) contact lenses are an attractive option. The objective of this project is to develop a mathematical model for predicting optimum profile of MS lenses that is customizable for individual irregular cornea.

Acetal-Free carbohydrate antigens and their multivalent display for lung cancer immunotherapy

This collaboration between pharmaceutical company NuvoBio and a Research Team led from the University of Windsor and working with Dalhousie and the University of Western Ontario seeks to develop a new vaccine for lung cancer. The students and postdoctoral fellows will be making new types of molecules and investigating some underlying questions about how we formulate vaccines, as well as preparing these promising compounds and studying their safety an efficiency in preventing and eliminating lung cancers.

A comparison of finite element model-predicted brainstem strains between injurious and non-injurious laboratory reconstructed football impacts

Studies of concussive events have shown that the response of the brain during an impact may not be the most reliable predictor of concussion, since the injury may be more closely related to the forces affecting the brainstem. A laboratory crash test protocol was developed to simulate player-to-player collisions in contact sports using crash test dummies and the impact forces on the dummy head were calculated.

Using Augmented Reality to Improve Quality in a Discreet Component Assembly Process

Quality control in manufacturing can be a challenge. While many use AR (Augmented Reality) to reduce error in training processes or to assist with the assembly process, this research will introduce AR as a means of performing quality checks while the worker is assembling, thus allowing him or her to do two jobs at once. DAQRI will be used as a smart visor/helmet to provide visual cues to the worker, eliminating the need to check a status screen for updates, as well as identifying any assembly errors and providing a means to fix the problem.

Ignition control on DME/OME engines

Considering the soot-free burning characteristics of DME/OME fuel, highly diluted intake charge can be introduced in order to realize ultra-low nitrogen oxides emissions. However, the ignition process of the highly diluted fuel/air mixture is difficult, and an unstable ignition process is detrimental to fuel efficiency and engine performance. In this project, innovative ignition systems including a multi-site ignition system. and volumetric ignition system, together with novel ignition strategies will be developed.

Preparation and testing of a sawdust-based phosphate filtration matrix

High concentrations of phosphate in the waterways cause algae blooms which are detrimental to water quality and fish habitat. The research project conducted by the Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry and the Upper Thames River Conservation authority, is attempting to alleviate this problem by chemically altering sawdust so that it can act as a phosphate filter thus removing excess amounts of phosphate. This filtration system is being tested with phosphate-rich wastewater produced from manure at a truck wash operation in the Upper Thames river basin.

Evaluation of autonomous seating adjustments through subjective and objective measures

Sitting can become particularly problematic when individuals remain in a fixed position for a prolonged period of time. Pressure can develop in the areas of the body that are compressed by the seat, which can lead to a significant reduction in blood flow to the surrounding tissues. As a result, seat adjustability becomes necessary for the maintenance of good health since movement would help relieve pressure from areas of the body compressed by the seat. Using subjective and objective measures of comfort, a fully adjustable manual and new autonomous seating concept will be compared.