Study on molecular level events during fouling on quartz sleeves in UV disinfection photoreactors

Ultraviolet (UV) photoreactors for water treatment comprise UV lamps encased in quartz sleeves, immersed in the water to be treated. Over time, these quartz sleeves become fouled with materials from the water, reducing the amount of UV available for treatment. This phenomenon requires that the systems be over-sized and often include costly automatic cleaning systems to restore system performance. This proposed project will study the molecular processes that result in fouling on the quartz surface, and investigate the effectiveness of anti-fouling coatings.

Computer-aided spinal disease diagnostic system

This proposed research aims at developing a fully automated computerized system for multiple spinal disease diagnosis. It improves the efficiency of the current clinically workflow. The development of the research is based on the state-of-the-art computer vision and image processing techniques. To the best of our knowledge, our group is the first group focusing on this direction. Once success, it will not only improve the clinician’s accuracy, inter and intraobservability, but also promote the technical advancement in the computer vision and image processing.

Experimental investigation of the flow fields within novel compact compressor stages

The aim of the internship is to conduct airflow velocity and turbulence measurements within a novel, compact aircraft engine compressor stage, using a non-intrusive technique, and then compare the results with those obtained from numerical (computational fluid dynamics, CFD) models, thereby developing an understanding as to how the different models deal with turbulence and with the strong curvature of the flow present in such compressor stages.

Applying Step skills in the real world

As a PhD student in Western University's department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Gurjeev’s research focuses on uncovering molecular mechanisms that predispose low birth weight babies to increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases in adult life.

Development of ultrasonic based oil-water interface level monitoring device

The project aims at developing prototype of a new ultrasonic based device to monitor andmaintain oil-water interface position and oil layer height. Need for such a device has been identified for applications in oil-water separators commonly used in a number of processes. The ability to monitor interface position as well as liquid-layer thickness is essential to ensure continuous operation of separators and avoid complications in downstream processing and/or accidental discharge to sanitary or storm sewer systems.

Surgical simulator design and evaluation using game engine technology

Surgical training is increasingly being done using simulator technology in order to teach basic skills to residents without risking patients’ lives. However, neurosurgery lags behind other surgical specialties in the adoption of simulators. Since there are no commercial simulators in this domain, the National Research Council has embarked on a neurosurgery simulator development program, in collaboration with Canadian neurosurgeons.

Production of bio-phenolic chemicals, green diesel fuels, and renewable hydrogen/methane gases from Kraft lignin and “Black Liquor”

The use of fossil fuels for energy and chemical production is not sustainable, and it leads to increased emissions of air pollutants (SO2 and NOx) and greenhouse gases. It is thus of strategic significance to explore alternatives to fossil resources for both energy and chemicals production. Among all the potential alternatives to fossil resources, biomass is promising because it is renewable and immense. Canada is blessed with 401.9 million hectares of forest, approximately 10% of the world’s total forest cover.

The development of a safety assessment model for spent nuclear fuel disposal with special emphasis on radiolytic corrosion of the copper fuel waste container

The project will involve a partnership between the Western University, where the intern is enrolled in the Chemistry PhD program, and the Surface Science Western (SSW). The SSW is a commercial organization which does contract research and problem-solving for industrial companies and is contracted to the Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) to support the development of corrosion models for copper waste containers.

Continuity of care in children’s mental health: Finalizing a new measure

In Senator Kirby’s 2006 report, Out of the Shadows at Last, children’s mental health was labeled the “orphan’s orphan” of Canada’s health care system. For over two decades, the systems-of-care philosophy in children’s mental health has recognized the need to respond to a fragmented service system through greater integration and coordination. Continuity of care, which is how a patient experiences care over time as coherent and linked, has been identified as an indicator of health system performance and is considered an ethical principle of care.

Growing healthy bodies: The development of a healthy body score-card for Canadian children and youth

This project represents the initial step in a larger project, the development of a “Healthy Body Scorecard” which will allow for more comprehensive and holistic approach to measurement and classification of health in children. This particular project will involve an in depth review of current literature in order to identify the various forms of health measurement and the factors and behaviors associated with each. This project as a whole will be of significant benefit to the Sandbox Project and McDonalds Restaurants of Canada, the industry partner for this research.