Over 170 million persons worldwide are chronically infected by hepatitis C virus (HCV), leading to endstage liver disease and cancer. HCV is the single most common indication for liver transplantation in Canada and the rest of the Western world. After transplant, HCV re-infection is universal and is the chief cause of graft loss. Treatment of post-transplant recurrent HCV is more difficult than pretransplant, with lower response rates that partly reflect the effects of immunosuppression.We propose that the ideal management of post-transplant HCV is its prevention.
Epilepsy is a debilitating neurological disorder affecting approximately 50 million people worldwide (World Health Organization). This project proposes to develop a SMART (Seizure Monitoring At the Right Time) Headset for these patients to monitor their brain signal and track their movements, heart rates and breathing patterns. This headset will have new types of sensors suitable for long term usage and sleep.
The proposed project is two-phased. The first phase involves a study that will use specialized research analysis techniques to compare the effectiveness of pharmaceutical drugs used to treat type II diabetes and to identify if a group of drugs are producing similar benefits in terms of controlling the disease. The applicant’s clinical and epidemiological background would bring value to our study design for this and future projects. The second phase involves economic cost modeling that will forecast financial implications of study findings.
There is growing evidence that outcomes after colorectal surgery are improved with the use of perioperative interventions combined into an enhanced recovery program (ERP). Encouraging patients to achieve specific daily nutrition and mobilization goals postoperatively is an important aspect of ERPs; however, it is not known whether the achievement of these goals needs to be facilitated by a member of the healthcare team. This study aims to evaluate the extent to which postoperative recovery is influenced by facilitation of nutrition and mobility.
The goal of this research project is to explore the current definition of obesity along with the association of body fat distribution and biochemical markers with serious health conditions. Our investigation will employ the utilization of the dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (the current gold standard to measure body fat percentage, subcutaneous body fat and visceral body fat) to more accurately define obesity and its association with cardiometabolic risk factors.
The proposed research project is a Phase 1 clinical trial looking at the safety of fenretinide, a molecule based on the structure of vitamin A, on patients with a disease called cystic fibrosis. Fenretinide has been shown in our laboratory to help cystic fibrosis mice by lowering molecules involved in inflammation and increasing the levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which is a fatty acid known to decrease inflammation. The intern will be involved in patient sample processing, analyzing and logging.
Friedreich is an hereditary disease, which in due to a mutation of the frataxin gene. This mutation leads to a reduced production of the frataxin protein. This leads to oxidative stress and death of the cells. The death of the neurons and cardiomyocytes are responsible for progressive severe neurological and cardiac symptoms.
Accurate monitoring of a patient’s vital signs – including body temperature, blood pressure, and pulse oxygenation – is central to the ability of clinicians to provide appropriate medical care. In spite of this, the standard equipment used to take these measurements is inefficient, inconvenient, and expensive. Adept Diagnostics will break into the medical device market with the development of novel wireless sensor systems to track these physiological variables continuously and inobtrusively.
Arthritis is among the most common chronic conditions in Canada in both children and adults. Arthritis is a potentially disabling disease causing joint inflammation and pain. Increasingly, people suffering from arthritis are using alternative therapies including nutraceuticals. This research aims to create new knowledge about the synergistic effects of gamma-linoleic acid (GLA), eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) and docosahexanoic acid (DHA) with and without boswellia serrate extract to improve pain and inflammation in models of juvenile and adult arthritis.
The spinal cord is one of the most important neurological structures in the body. Noninvasive image-based assessment of this structure is an increasingly demanding healthcare service. This project is a preliminary development stage of a computer-aided spinal-scan assessment software toolkit which aims at faciiitating the diagnosis of spinal cord problems. In parlicular, the proposed project is to design computational methods which automatically extract image fearures.