Control of point source low volume methane emission using methanobiofilterationtechnology Year Two

Methanobiofiltration (MBF) is a new technology for the treatment of waste methane gas using a biological process, thus contributing to the reduction of the environmental impacts of current energy technologies. The lack of a complete technology package needed for various industry sectors has hindered its large-scale application in Alberta.

All Digital, Multi-Standard Highly Efficient Transmitter for Mobile Communication BaseStation Applications

A novel transmitter architecture which presents more power efficiency than that of the transmitters being used currently in mobile communication base stations, is proposed in this research project. The result of this research fills the gap between the theoretical idea behind this transmitter structure and its practical usage in cellular network base stations. This transmitter can operate over a wide frequency range and with different mobile communication signal standards very power efficiently while maintaining the quality of the transmitted signal.

Digital Pre-Distortion for Concurrent Multiband and Multiple Antenna Transmission

The proposed project aims at the design and implementation of low complexity digital pre-distortion (DPD) algorithms for multiband and multiple input multiple output (MIMO) wireless transmitters. The power amplifier (PA) is one of the major sources of power dissipation in wireless base stations. The DPD techniques enable the PA to operate in a more efficient power level resulting in more energy efficient wireless networks.

Engaging stakeholders to evaluate alternatives in energy system planning through agentbased automated negotiation

The objective of this project is to improve long-term planning of Alberta's electricity system infrastructure in collaboration with an industry sponsor, Alberta Electricity System Operator (AESO). The project aims at engaging stakeholders in a regional planning exercise in southern Alberta by a detailed exploration of their perspectives when evaluating energy system alternatives. This was identified by AESO as being a pressing gap in their current practice.

Combatting oil reservoir souring through a predictive understanding of the ecophysiologyand functional diversity of nitrate-reducing bacteria

Oil reservoir souring is the production of toxic hydrogen sulfide by sulfate-reducing microorganisms (SRM) through naerobic respiration supported by organic electron donors present in oil fields. In recent years, nitrate injection has merged as a promising green biotechnology that has been proven effective in controlling sulfide production in oil fields. This strategy relies on inducing nitrate-reducing bacteria (NRB), which can outcompete SRM for organic lectron donors.

Regulation of T-type calcium channel activity by targeting channel trafficking – a novel approach for pain management Year two

Current therapies to manage pain either result in side effects or are insufficient and the associated medical costs and loss of work days come pose a tremendous socioeconomic burden. We recently showed that T-type channel activity is aberrantly regulated in inflammatory and neuropathic pain by the deubiquitinase USP5, and we have begun to explore this mechanism as a new therapeutic avenue based on interfering TAT peptides. We now plan to test our TATpeptides in diabetic neuropathy and inflammatory bowel pain.

Characterization of ionomer properties of the catalyst layers of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs)

The state-of-the-art polymer electrolyte fuel cells have catalyst layers (CLs) made of platinum catalyst on carbon support (Pt/C) bound together by proton conducting polymer or ionomer. To overcome the challenges of high cost of Platinum catalyst and corrosion of carbon support, alternative materials for catalyst and catalyst support are being considered. The interaction of ionomer with catalyst and itsa support materials controls two factors that profoundly affects the CL Performance: the micro-scale structure of the CL and ionomer propoerties in the catalyst layer.

Regulation of T-type calcium channel activity by targeting channel trafficking – a novel approach for pain management

Current therapies to manage pain either result in side effects or are insufficient and the associated medical costs and loss of work days come pose a tremendous socioeconomic burden. We recently showed that T-type channel activity is aberrantly regulated in inflammatory and neuropathic pain by the deubiquitinase USP5, and we have begun to explore this mechanism as a new therapeutic avenue based on interfering TAT peptides. We now plan to test our TATpeptides in diabetic neuropathy and inflammatory bowel pain.

In-plane Performance of Masonry Shear Walls

Recent research at the University of Calgary has focused on shear walls and on evaluating the influence of various parameters on in-plane shear capacity. The reason for this is that, for example, while it is recognized by most researchers that compression on walls increases the shear strength of masonry, the quantification of this effect has been reported to vary from 40 to 70% [1,8] and the factors adopted by various design standards range from 0.25 up to 0.4.

The fate of neutrophils and role of monocytes in sterile inflammation

Our immune system Is designed to protect us from harmful agents. It must initiate a rapid potent inflammatory response to eliminate invading pathogens. Although similar to the eradication of pathogens, the inflammatory response can also occur following a sterile injury and is required for tissue repair and wound healing. This includes trauma, ischaemia-reperfusion injury, autoimmunity or burn induced injury that occurs in the absence of any microorganisms.

Pages